AACN News—December 1999—Association News

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Vol. 16, No. 12, DECEMBER 1999

Volunteers Influence Practice

Each year, hundreds of AACN members volunteer to serve on AACN and AACN Certification Corporation committees that play major roles in influencing the practice of critical care nursing. A range of opportunities are available through the annual call for volunteers.

These opportunities can be tailored to accommodate individual interests and time availability, from commitments for sharing insight and expertise to serving on work groups, task forces and advisory teams, which may require travel, conference calls and work at home. All volunteer expenses are paid by AACN, according to AACN policy guidelines.

Applications for these volunteer positions must be postmarked by March 1, 2000. Terms begin July 1, 2000.

For more information, call (800) 809-2273, ext. 228, or visit the AACN Web site at http://www.aacn.org.

Getting Connected—Your Path to Involvement

Numerous opportunities to be involved with AACN and AACN Certification Corporation at the national level are available each year. Volunteers are appointed to serve on work groups, advisory panels and review panels, as well as on certification exam item writer and development committees and on appeal panels. Presented here is information about these roles.

Applications for these volunteer positions must be postmarked by March 1, 2000. Terms begin July 1, 2000.
For more information, call (800) 809-2273, ext. 342, or visit the AACN Web site at

Advisory Teams (10-50 members)
-- Provide feedback on specific issues and/or clinical practice
-- Share AACN initiatives and assist members in understanding them
-- May have conference calls
-- Participate in ongoing discussion forums
-- May respond to written requests
-- Work from home
-- Serve one- to three-year term
Advisory Teams:
AACN Board

Advanced Practice




Progressive Care
Neonatal Student Nurses
Novice Critical Care Nurses

Work Groups
-- Accomplish an ongoing body of work on a designated subject
-- Attend one to two, face-to-face meetings (requires travel)
-- May have two to three conference calls
-- May be asked to analyze and respond to materials between meetings

Advanced Practice Work Group (7-10 members)
-- Identify and evaluate trends and issues in advanced practice
-- Assist in developing and initiating the advanced practice agenda
-- Act as spokesperson for colleagues in area of expertise

Education Work Group (5-7 members)
-- Identify and evaluate trends and issues in continuing education resources and programs
-- Assist in developing and initiating the education agenda
-- Provide expertise to the national office team

Ethics Integration Work Group (7-10 members)
-- Increase AACN member awareness of ethics resources
-- Develop resources or information to assist clinicians in complying with regulatory standards regarding ethics, advance directives, patient rights, pain management, confidentiality, organ donation, etc.
-- Ensure that ethics is integrated throughout AACN educational programming

NTI Work Group (5-7 members)
-- Develop program content for NTI
-- Select various presenters
-- Act as hosts and hostesses at the NTI

Research Work Group (5-7 members)
-- Help to implement the research agenda

Chapter Advisory Team (10-19 members)
-- Act as ambassadors in supporting and advocating AACN’s mission, vision and values
-- Foster the development of new chapter leaders.
-- Work with chapters to assist them in making their optimal contribution
-- Respond to requests from the association for input on chapter operations and regional issues
-- Serve one- to three-year term
-- Meet face-to-face, one to two times per year (requires travel)
-- Participate in conference calls
-- Travel within assigned region
-- Communicate weekly with the National Office
-- Communicate on a regular basis with chapter leaders
Positions open to:
-- Past chapter presidents

Review Panels (10-50 members)
-- Review and evaluate recipients of AACN awards, grants and/or scholarships
-- Receive continuing education credits for providing evaluation services on continuing education articles and products
-- May require specific expertise
-- May have conference calls
-- Work from home
-- May respond to written materials

Review Panels:
Chapter and Membership Awards
Continuing Education Articles
Research and Creative Solutions Abstracts
Research Grants

NTI Speaker Introducers
-- Introduce one or more speakers
-- Must be a registered NTI 2000 participant
Positions open to:
-- Registered NTI participants

Public Policy Advisory Team
Current group members will remain in place to complete work in progress.

CCRN Exam Item Writer (8 members each)
Adult -- Neonatal -- Pediatric

-- Develop exam questions for exam item bank
-- Research problem items during the item analysis
-- Prepare exam questions from home.
-- Attend one three-day meeting

CCRN Exam Development Committee (8 members each)
Adult -- Neonatal -- Pediatric

-- Develop and approve examinations according to test specification criteria
-- Continuously evaluate the relevance of the CCRN examination to the practice of critical care nursing
-- Advise the AACN Certification Corporation Board of Directors of any necessary revisions to the test blueprint
-- Provide mentoring opportunities for item writers
-- Attend one four-day meeting
Positions open to:
-- Nurses with prior experience as item writers

CCRN Appeal Panel (8 members each)

Adult -- Neonatal -- Pediatric
-- Review and deliberate appeals
-- Participate in conference calls
-- Work through written correspondence

CCNS Exam Item Writer
-- Develop exam questions for exam item bank
-- Research problem items during the item analysis
-- Prepare exam questions from home
-- Attend one one-day meeting

CCNS Appeal Panel (5 - 6 members)
-- Review and deliberate appeals
-- Participate in conference calls
-- Work through written correspondence

NTI 2001 Speaker Proposals Are Due March 15, 2000

March 15, 2000, is the deadline to submit speaker proposal abstracts for the 2001 National Teaching Institute,-- which is scheduled for May 19 through 24 in Anaheim, Calif.

Speakers at the NTI, which will again feature the Advanced Practice Institute,-- receive complimentary airfare, registration and two nights hotel (the night before and the night after their presentations).

To obtain a speaker proposal packet, call (800) 899-AACN (2226).

Volunteer Committees Conduct Virtual Meetings

Many AACN volunteer groups are now conducting meetings and discussions online. To facilitate these online discussions, a --virtual meeting-- area has been established on the AACN Web site at http://www.aacn.org.

This area is set up similar to a bulletin board, where a committee member can post a question or suggest a topic or issue at any time, to which other members can respond at their convenience. Instead of setting up a conference call or scheduling travel for a face-to-face meeting, online chatrooms can be arranged for interactive discussions.

Access to these areas is restricted to members of the specific volunteer groups.

Following are the groups that have arranged online meeting and discussion opportunities: Advanced Practice Advisory Panel, Advanced Practice Work Group, Board Advisory Team, Chapter Advisory Team, Ethics Advisory Panel, Ethics Integration Work Group, Faculty Advisory Team, Membership Advisory Panel, NCCC Prototype Group Discussion, Neonatal Advisory Panel, Novice Critical Care Advisory Panel, Online Advisory Team, Pediatric Advisory Panel, Practice Advisory Panel, Practice Standard Task Force Discussion, Progressive Care Advisory Panel, Public Policy Advisory Team, Research Work Group, Student Nurses Advisory Panel and Thunder II Task Force.

Apply by Feb. 1, 2000, for Generic BSN Educational Advancement Scholarships

Feb. 1, 2000, is the postmark deadline to apply for Generic BSN Educational Advancement Scholarships, which are awarded through the National Student Nurses Association (NSNA).

The scholarships of $1500 each are available to students who do not hold an RN license, though licensed vocational and licensed practical nurses are eligible. In addition, nursing students with degrees in other fields are eligible.

Scholarship awards are based on academic achievement and demonstrated commitment to nursing through involvement in student organizations or school and community activities related to healthcare. Applicants must be a member of either AACN or NSNA, have a cumulative grade-point average of 3.0 or better, be currently enrolled in a bachelor of science in nursing program accredited by the National League of Nursing, and have junior or senior status for the academic year in which the scholarship will be used.

Application materials and instructions are available from NSNA, 555 W. 57th St. New York, NY 10019; phone, (212) 581-2211.

View ‘Champions of Industry’ segment on AACN Via the Internet

The lengthier, corporate version of Pat Summerall’s --Champions of Industry-- segment featuring AACN can be viewed via a link on the AACN Web site at www.aacn.org. The video link is scheduled to be available by mid-December 1999.

This five-minute feature expands on the information presented in the Summerall segment, which aired in November on MSNBC. The feature spotlights companies that are leaders in their respective industries.

The corporate video, narrated by Summerall, was made available to AACN as part of this industry recognition program.

You Drink and Drive. . . You Lose

December is National Drunk and Drugged Driving Prevention Month, sponsored by Campaign Safe and Sober. This year’s theme of --You Drink & Drive. You Lose-- kicks off a new year-round initiative to reduce alcohol-related traffic fatalities in America.

Are You Ready to Retire?

If you are considering retirement in the next few years, ask yourself, --Am I really ready?--

Retirement might mean parting with an accomplished career and daily contact with colleagues, not to mention your paycheck. If you are a homemaker whose spouse is retiring, this might be an opportunity to pursue a long-postponed career. Today, many people are choosing to work beyond --traditional-- retirement age as part-time employees, consultants or even new business owners.

Take a Closer Look
Whether you plan to work after retirement or enjoy other pursuits, you are at the threshold of a new and exciting stage of life—one you have probably dreamed of for many years. However, there are some last-minute details that you will need to address. Ask yourself the following questions:

1. What is the Current Value of Your Retirement Assets and Income Sources?
The closer you get to retirement, the more closely you should monitor your retirement assets. Review the current market value of all your assets— not only retirement assets, such as IRAs and 401(k) plans, but also nonretirement assets, such as investment portfolios, your home and your personal property. Ask the Social Security Administration for an updated estimate of your benefits, and contact your employee benefits department regarding the value of your pension plan. Keep in mind that personal assets provide the lion’s share of retirement income for most retirees.

2. Which Assets Will You Use First for Living Expenses?
Many financial advisers recommend using nonretirement assets for living expenses, before tapping tax-advantaged retirement assets. This strategy allows retirees to continue building assets in tax-deferred retirement plans for as long as possible. For example, if you wait until age 70 to begin taking retirement plan distributions, rather than starting at age 59, the additional years of compounding, tax-deferred growth may add up to a substantially larger nest egg. In addition, using nonretirement assets first can help reduce your current-year tax liability. For example, selling securities may trigger the long-term capital gains rate, while dipping into tax-qualified retirement plans will increase the amount of income subject to your marginal tax rate, which could be as high as 39%.

3. Should the Roth IRA Be Part of Your Retirement Strategy?
The Roth IRA offers --pre-retirees-- several important advantages. Unlike the traditional IRA, the Roth IRA lets you continue making annual contributions after age 70 (provided that you have earned income) and does not require annual distributions at any age. This makes the Roth IRA an appealing vehicle for retirees who wish to continue building assets on a tax-advantaged basis. If you plan to use nonretirement assets to fund your living expenses, consider converting traditional IRAs to a Roth IRA to maximize your tax-advantaged savings opportunities. The Roth IRA also offers significant tax benefits. Because contributions are not tax deductible and earnings are not subject to income tax if the account has been open for at least five years, qualified withdrawals may be exempt from federal income tax. If you choose to pass Roth IRA assets through your estate, your beneficiaries also may take tax-free withdrawals.

4. Should You Reallocate Your Portfolio Assets?

It is important to periodically reevaluate the mix of stocks, bonds and cash in your portfolio. Many financial advisers suggest gradually reducing portfolio risks as you approach or begin retirement by replacing equities with fixed-income or cash-equivalent investments. These conservative investments may provide the source of current income you need to postpone the distribution of retirement plan assets. However, keep in mind that even retirees need the inflation hedge and potential growth offered by equities.

5. How Will You Take Retirement Plan Distributions?
Because distribution decisions affect both the retiree and his or her heirs, consulting a financial adviser is prudent. The most critical decisions are:
-- Whether to take a periodic or lump sum payout
-- Who to name as your plan beneficiary (if you have not named a beneficiary already)
-- When to begin taking distributions—generally between ages 59 and 70 to avoid penalties.
-- Which formula to use for determining the amount of your mandatory minimum distributions: recalculation, term-certain, or the hybrid method.

-- Whether the mandatory minimum distribution calculation will be based only on your life expectancy or on that of your beneficiary.
-- Whether to convert traditional IRA assets to a Roth IRA.

The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) requires that an irrevocable election of the formula being used to calculate mandatory minimum distributions must be made by the date a retiree is required to begin taking mandatory minimum distributions from 401(k) plans, IRAs and other retirement plans.

6. Are Your Retirement Plans In Sync With Your Estate Plans?
Some of the decisions you make in the next few years will affect both your retirement income and the options available to your beneficiaries. If you plan to pass assets to your children or other beneficiaries, it is important to consult professional financial, tax and/or estate-planning advisers for guidance on your unique situation. Among the decisions affecting both your retirement and estate plans that you should discuss with your adviser are:
-- Which assets should be used first to meet expenses

-- How to take retirement plan distributions
-- Whether to convert traditional IRA assets to the Roth IRA
-- How to reduce the impact of capital gains taxes on securities you have owned for many years. Careful planning can help reduce taxes and ensure that you will have ample income during retirement, while allowing you to provide well for future generations.

Time to Clean Out Your Desk
As soon as you have answered these key questions, you can feel confident that your retirement plans are on track. Now you can make that big announcement, --I’m ready to retire.--

For more information call (888) ML SAVES, (657-2837) ext. AACN (2226), or visit the AACN Web site at http://www.aacn.org. Click on --Benefits-- under the --Member Services-- area.

CV or Resume—Which Is Preferred?

Many callers to Career Development Services (CDS) ask when they should submit a curriculum vitae (CV) and when they should submit a resume when applying for a job. This article provides brief descriptions of a CV and a resume, as well as examples of when one or the other would be preferable to submit.

The translation of curriculum vitae is --the course of one’s life.-- Thus, a curriculum vitae is a comprehensive, professional record of a person’s education, work experience, presentations, publications, awards, research and participation in professional organizations. In order to capture all of this information, a CV is typically several pages long. Think of a CV as your career autobiography, with a special focus on your academic and research pursuits. However, in keeping with the --course of one's life-- definition, a CV may include personal information, such as marital status. You would submit a CV when applying for any academic position, including graduate education, or when applying for a research position or grant.

Because a CV is not focused on obtaining a specific job or academic acceptance, it does not include an objective. However, a CV should be accompanied by a cover letter detailing the position for which you are applying.
A resume is a brief account of one’s career and qualifications, with the emphasis on career experience, but no personal information other than name, address, telephone number and e-mail address. Because a resume is used to apply for a specific position, it must include an objective or summary of qualifications. Resumes are best used when applying for staff nurse or management positions.

Whether you use a CV or a resume format, or create a hybrid of both, it is important to be clear, concise and consistent. Check for spelling or grammatical errors and make sure dates and telephone numbers are accurate. Ask a peer to review the materials for content. The career counselors at CDS will review CVs and resumes at no charge. Simply fax your resume to (781) 322-4541 or call CDS at (888) AACN-JOB (222-6562).

Career Development Services provides AACN members resources to help develop or advance their careers. The result of a collaboration between AACN and TravCorps, the service gives AACN members direct access to professionals who specialize in career counseling, resume writing and job placement. For more information, visit the AACN Web site at http://www.aacn.org.

Public Policy Update

AACN engages in a variety of activities to address and protect the needs and interests of its members and to ensure that AACN positively contributes to advancing the nursing profession. Following is an update on some of the public policy issues that AACN has addressed.

Nationwide 911 Law
President Clinton has signed into law the Wireless Communications and Public Safety Act of 1999, making 911 the official emergency number nationwide for both landline and wireless phones. Although 911 is widely used as the emergency number for landline phones, there are 20 different codes for wireless callers across the country.
AACN is a member of the ComCare Coalition, which supported this legislation to make it easier for people to access the emergency medical system nationwide. The full text of S. 800 can be found online at

Cardiac Arrest Survival Act
The Cardiac Arrest Survival Act, which was reintroduced in the House by Cliff Sterns (R-Fla.) and in the Senate by Slade Gorton (R-Wash.) seeks to amend the Public Health Service Act to provide for recommendations of the Secretary of Health and Human Services regarding the placement of automatic external defibrillators (AED) in federal buildings.

The bills, H.R. 2498 and S. 1488, seek to improve public access to defibrillation programs and to improve survival rates of individuals who experience cardiac arrest in federal buildings. The bill would also provide Good Samaritan protection to any person who provides emergency medical care through the use of an AED.

AACN supports the establishment of strong public access to defibrillation programs to improve the survival rates of individuals who experience cardiac arrest in nonhospital settings, as well as goals for minimizing the time elapsing between the onset of cardiac arrest and the initial medical response. AACN continues to support the efforts of the American Heart Association to pass this legislation.

The full text of this legislation can be accessed online at thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/C?c106:./
. For more information, visit the American Heart Association Web site at http://www.americanheart.org/index.html.

Organ Transplant Rules
The Department of Health and Human Services has issued final regulations for carrying out the shared responsibilities required under the National Organ Transplant Act. The amendments are intended to clarify the separation and roles of the federal government and of the transplant professionals who make the medical decisions.

Under the amended rule, the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN) is responsible for developing --standardized and enforceable medical criteria-- for placing patients on waiting lists and for defining a patient’s medical urgency. The regulations require that the organ agencies allocate organs to patients who need them most. The newly incorporated revisions include emphasizing and strengthening the role of the transplant community in policy development; establishing an independent advisory committee to ensure policies are grounded in the best available medical science; deeming broader sharing of organs acceptable, and not requiring a single national list; prohibiting policies that waste organs or allow futile transplants; strengthening data provisions to better inform patients, providers and the public; and requiring equal treatment of patients, regardless of place of residence, celebrity or socioeconomic status. Health and Human Services Secretary Donna Shalala advocates the establishment of policies by the OPTN that reflect the following core principles:
-- Organs must be allocated according to uniform medical criteria developed by the transplant community. Likewise, the transplantation community must design fair and effective criteria by which the performance of the system can be measured.
-- Organ sharing must encompass broad enough areas to ensure that organs reach patients who need them the most and for whom transplantation is most medically appropriate.
-- Both the federal government and organ transplant community play appropriate and distinct roles. In particular, the Department of Health and Human Services does not seek to interfere in the practice of medicine, but rather to assume proper responsibility for ensuring that the transplantation system as a whole operates in the public interest.
-- The best possible information must be available to physicians and patients, both to help in medical decision-making, and to learn the most successful practices and deliver the highest quality care.

Following delays in the effective date for the regulations, House and Senate negotiators have tentatively agreed to a moratorium until mid-February 2000. Opponents of the regulations support pending legislation that would reauthorize the National Organ Transplant Act to restrict the involvement of the Department of Health and Human Services.

AACN supports the involvement of critical care nurses in the organ donation process and advocates for legislation and regulations that provide for adequate and equitable funding of organ transplant programs, registries and a national transplant network, and an equitable allocation of organs. AACN is an organizational affiliate of the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) and a member of the Coalition on Organ and Tissue Donation.

The preamble and text of the amended final rule can be found at http://www.hrsa.gov/osp/dot/amrul3.pdf. For more information, visit the Health Resources and Services Administration’s Division of Transplantation Web site at www.hrsa.dhhs.gov/osp/dot/ or UNOS at http://www.unos.org.

New Medical Privacy Rules
President Clinton has unveiled new rules to protect the privacy of medical records. The proposed rules would control the way in which hospitals, physicians and healthcare plans collect and disclose personal records that are stored electronically. Doctors, hospitals and health plans would be required to seek written consent to release personal information not related to payment and treatment, except in cases related to law enforcement, national security or emergencies.

Under the proposed rules, the consent would have to be voluntary, and could not be tied to the delivery of benefits or services. Current practice requires people to sign broad waivers of their privacy as a condition of receiving healthcare or health benefits. In addition, patients would gain a new federal right to inspect, copy and suggest corrections in medical records that have been kept or transmitted electronically. Healthcare providers, health plans and clearinghouses would be subject to civil and criminal penalties for violating the law.

Opponents contend that health plans and insurance companies should be required to obtain consent from the patients before using information from their files to monitor patient compliance with recommendations for medical treatment and testing. The rules would permit the use and disclosure of medical information without a patient’s authorization for treatment, payment and a wide range of --healthcare operations,-- including assessing the quality of care and the performance of doctors and nurses, developing clinical guidelines, setting premiums for the renewal of insurance contracts and investigating fraud. Related concerns are that current protections could be lost under the new rule. The proposed rules do not preempt existing state laws. The Department of Health and Human Services has until Feb. 21, 2000, to finalize the regulations. The public will have two months to comment on the proposal.

For a copy of the draft regulations, visit http://aspe.hhs.gov/admnsimp/index.htm. For more information on health privacy, visit http://www.healthprivacy.org.

Pain Relief Promotion Act
The House has passed legislation that would make it a federal crime for physicians to prescribe drugs to aid terminally ill patients in ending their lives. H.R. 2260, the Pain Relief Promotion Act, states that the use of controlled substances to alleviate pain or discomfort is a --legitimate medical purpose,-- even --if the use of such a substance may increase the risk of death.-- However, under the bill, a doctor who prescribes drugs --for the purpose of causing death’ would be subject to criminal penalties. The bill would, in effect, block Oregon’s law permitting physician-assisted suicide.

Proponents of the bill point out that it encourages the use of adequate relief for those in pain, such as authorizations for increased education and training of health professionals in palliative care. Opponents of the measure express concern that the mandatory penalties and language in the bill would deter pain treatment by physicians who fear investigation by the Drug Enforcement Administration.

A similar bill introduced in the Senate has not reached the floor. Legal challenges of the legislation are likely, because it would interfere with state authority to regulate the medical profession. The full text of H.R. 2260 can be found at http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/C?c106:./temp/~c106UrarKr.

Patient Protection Bill
The House of Representatives has passed H.R. 2723, the Bipartisan Consensus Managed Care Improvement Act.

Introduced by Reps. Charlie Norwood (R-Ga.) and John Dingell (D-Mich.), the comprehensive bill provides for enforceable protections for patients, as well as for protection from retaliation against healthcare professionals who advocate for their patients.

H.R. 2723 would create grievance systems to allow patients to protest to an independent body what they believe is inadequate care; require HMOs to pay more emergency room bills; make it easier for women and children to visit obstetrician-gynecologists and pediatricians; and guarantee that patients receive information about their health plans’ rules. In addition, the Norwood-Dingell bill would allow patients to file suit in state court if they were denied treatment that they think they needed, even if it was not covered under an HMO’s benefits.

The fate of the bill depends on whether House conferees can resolve differences with the Senate and its more limited patient-protection bill. The Republican-sponsored Senate bill did not expand patients’ ability to sue health plans. Many of the provisions in the Senate version would provide protection to only about one-third of the 161 million Americans who have private health insurance.

The full text of H.R. 2723 can be found at thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d106:HR02723. For more information on this issue, visit http://headlines.yahoo.com/full_coverage/us/health_care_debate

For more information about AACN public policy initiatives, contact Public Policy Specialist Janice Weber, RN, MSN, CCRN, (800) 394-5995, ext. 508; e-mail, janice.weber@aacn.org; or click on --Public Policy-- under --Departments-- on the AACN Web site at http;//www.aacn.org.

Order Online to Receive Free Educational Resource

The revised AACN Resource Catalog is now available. In addition to the usual array of educational, certification and career development products, the revised catalog includes several new products.

Products are also regularly updated and are available online through the AACN Web site at www.aacn.org. Click on --Bookstore-- under the --Departments-- area. Online catalog orders during December 1999 will be accompanied by a free educational resource, while supplies last. If supplies are depleted, customers will receive the following month’s discount or special offer.

To order the printed version of the catalog, call (800) 899-AACN (2226); e-mail, aacninfo@aacn.org.

AACN Online Quick Poll

Should a bachelor of science in nursing degree be required as the entry level educational preparation for registered nurses?

Yes 56%

No 44%

Number of Responses: 1,740

The AACN Online Quick Poll surveys a variety of topics. Participate by visiting the AACN Web site at http://www.aacn.org.


Advancements in Medical Surgical Nursing
The Spring 2000 Advancements in Medical-Surgical Nursing conference will be March 15 through 18, 2000, in Chicago, Ill. Special preconferences are also planned. For more information, contact Contemporary Forums, 11900 Silvergate Drive, Dept. 846, Dublin, Calif. 94568; phone, (925) 828-7100, ext. 0; Web site,

Abstracts for Education Summit
The National League for Nursing is inviting paper or poster presentation abstracts for its Education Summit, scheduled for Sept. 13 through 16, 2000, in Memphis, Tenn. The theme of the conference is --Transforming the Landscape: Creating a Preferred Future for Nursing Education.-- Submissions must be postmarked by Jan. 15, 2000. For more information, contact Terry Valiga, Director of Research and Professional Development, 61 Broadway, New York, NY 10006; phone, (800) 669-1656, ext. 383; e-mail,

AASCIN Calls for Abstracts
The American Association of Spinal Cord Injury Nurses is inviting paper and poster abstracts for its annual conference, September 5 through 7, 2000, in Las Vegas, Nev. Abstracts should address the conference theme of --Enhancing Wellness in the New Millennium.-- Submissions must be received by Jan. 14, 2000. For more information, contact Sara Lerman, MPH, Program Manager, American Association of Spinal Cord Injury Nurses at (718) 803-3782, ext. 324.

Information printed in --Currents-- is provided as a service to interested readers and does not imply endorsement by AACN or AACN Certification Corporation.

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