AACN in the Spotlight
The Empire State Building was recently lighted in red and blue to honor the 30th anniversary of AACN. AACN Board Member Fay Wright worked for almost a year to arrange this tribute.The Empire State Building is lighted in colors for special occasions and commemorations only. It is a special honor that AACN was included on the lighting schedule. To view the lighting schedule, visit the Empire State Building's Web site at www.esbnyc.com/html/lighting_schedule.html.
Demographics Help to Determine Needs
AACN is conducting a demographic census to help ensure that association products and services meet the professional needs of members.
Each member will receive the survey early in May 2000. Members are asked to return the information by May 31, 2000.
The census information can be completed and returned by mail. Or, members can complete the survey online at www.aacn.org. A password allowing access to the online survey is included in the information being mailed.
Requested in the survey is demographic information such as credentials; unit, number of beds and type of facility in which the member is employed; position held; highest nursing degree; highest academic degree; income; employment status; years of experience in nursing; years of experience in critical care nursing; and professional affiliations.
All information provided will be used only for association purposes and will remain confidential. The aggregate results of the survey will be reported and will be available to members.
For more information about the demographic census, contact Tracey Kane at (800) 394-5995, ext. 415; e-mail,
AACN Invites Nominations for National Leadership Posts
AACN is inviting nominations of individuals to serve on the national Board of Directors and on the AACN Nominating Committee for FY2002. Terms begin July 1, 2001.
Nominations for the office of president-elect and for three positions on the Board of Directors, as well as for three Nominating Committee positions, are being accepted.
Nominations must be received or postmarked by June 12, 2000. A nomination form appears at right. Nomination forms can also be obtained by calling (800) 899-AACN (2226), and through the AACN Web site at
Nominees for all AACN positions must be AACN national members. Time commitments and support services for each position may differ. Travel and other expenses are reimbursed for all of these national volunteer positions.
One 1-Year Term
Nominees must have served at least two years on the AACN Board of Directors. During the term, the president-elect works to become familiar with the duties of the president and consults with the president to prepare for continuity and a smooth transition of leadership. The president-elect also assumes presidential accountability in the absence or inability of the president to act. From the nominations submitted, the Board of Directors selects the candidate who is placed on the ballot.
Three 3-Year Terms
In addition to representing the needs of the members, board members establish priorities for AACN, based on its mission and vision. They help to ensure general and financial viability and growth of the association, and that successful relationships are maintained between AACN and AACN Certification Corporation and other arms of the association. The position also affords numerous opportunities to network with professional colleagues, consumers and healthcare policy-makers.
AACN Nominating Committee
Three 1-Year Terms
In collaboration with appointed members from the AACN Board of Directors and Nominating Committee members develop and submit the slate of AACN candidates for election by the AACN membership at large. A process based on the AACN Leadership Framework is used to assess the nominees’ competencies before submitting the slate of candidates to a vote by the membership.
For more information about the Call for Nominations process, contact Sherryl Wynne at (800) 394-5995, ext. 376. For more information about AACN leadership opportunities, visit the AACN Web site at
On the Agenda
Following are decisions and discussions that took place during the AACN Board of Directors’ March conference call.
Agenda Item: Public Policy
To better clarify roles and help direct association activities in the public policy arena, the board decided that the current Public Policy Advisory Team (PPAT) will be convened instead as the Public Policy Work Group for 2000-01. The decision followed discussions by a strategic planning group about how best to position public policy initiatives. Among the concerns identified was the fact that PPAT members have been appointed according to a regional structure, though many issues arise and are addressed at the state level. As a work group, the team will continue to address these and other concerns, while ensuring that work in progress is completed and that there is continuity while future public policy activities are decided.
Agenda Item: Leadership Development
The board was updated on work by the Leadership Development Work Group to create strategies that can help critical care nurses develop the skills necessary to positively influence work and care environments. As the primary organization focusing on the development of critical care leaders, AACN is developing ways to promote core skill sets that can be learned and used by members in diverse circumstances. The work group is also evaluating the applicability of possible approaches and skills sets to members in various roles.
Agenda Item: Nomination Process
In addition to presenting the 2000-01 slate of candidates for the AACN Board of Directors and AACN Nominating Committee, the board considered recommendations from the 1999-2000 Nominating Committee on ways to improve the process. A demographic report on the candidates was included to help the board analyze trends and characteristics of AACN’s emerging leadership and identify how AACN can better assist in the development of leaders. In addition, feedback on the process from both candidates on the slate and nominees not included on the slate for the current year is being compiled.
Agenda Item: Officer Selection
To maintain fairness in electing members to the AACN Board of Directors each year, the board accepted a recommendation by the 1999-2000 Nominating Committee to change the process for electing the board secretary and treasurer. In the future, the secretary and treasurer will be selected from among the directors elected directly by the membership at large. The Nominating Committee was concerned that secretary and treasurer candidates, by virtue of being listed separately, stood a better chance of being elected than other candidates for director positions.
Goodwill Project Helps Caregivers and Receivers
Kathleen Wilson, RN, CCRN, an anesthesia assist nurse in open heart surgery at Poudre Valley Hospital, Fort Collins, Colo., received a 1999 Excellence in Clinical Practice Award, cosponsored by 3M Healthcare. Following are excerpts from the exemplar that Wilson submitted in connection with her award, which is part of AACN’s Circle of Excellence recognition program. For more information about Circle of Excellence awards, visit the AACN Web site at
By Kathleen Wilson
For five years, Chuck had been a regular patient in our intensive cardiac care unit (ICCU). I had been his nurse through heart catherizations, angioplasties, cardioversions and open heart surgery with intra-aortic balloon therapy.
Always, he managed to resume his active life as a community leader, volunteer and member of the district fire board. In the summer of 1998, Chuck collapsed at home and died.
Throughout his life, Chuck gave many gifts, including sharing his insight as a patient as part of a project that a colleague and I began developing early in 1996.
Believing that humor and goodwill help people cope with crises and maintain physical and emotional health, we established the ICCU Goodwill Project to address the impact life-threatening conditions and diseases have not only on our patients and families, but also on the staff members.
We began accumulating materials, including inspirational books for the ICCU waiting room; a collection of journal articles for staff members; humorous antidotes and props for use by both patients and staff; and goodies baskets for long-term patients and their families. The seed money came from our own pockets as well as from a petty cash fund.
We recognized that community members can play a vital part in the healing process, and enlisted the assistance of our hospital’s volunteer coordinator and the psychiatric clinical nurse specialist. We successfully applied for funding from the hospital foundation.
We then planned a series of seminars featuring keynote speakers who are experts in their fields, as well as panel discussions by past patients and family members. The audiences were ICCU and neuro-surgical ICU nurses, respiratory therapists, physicians and ICCU waiting room volunteers.
In connection with the ICCU Goodwill Project, we developed the ICCU Volunteer Resource Person Program, for which we recruited past patients and family members to serve as resources and to provide support to current patients and families. Chuck and Betty were among those who volunteered.
Chuck was on the panel of former patients at the first seminar, where “Caring for Ourselves and Others in the ICCU” was the topic. He stressed the need for caregivers to show concern for patients’ families. His passion about the subject stemmed from his own concern for his wife during his many crises. He had recognized her suffering.
In the weeks prior to Chuck’s death, he and Betty visited ICCU patients, and Chuck was planning a home visit to one of our past patients, who was experiencing depression.
In the days following Chuck’s death, I learned more about him. I knew he was a farmer, a retired fire chief and, with his wife, an active member of the community. However, I was amazed to learn of the depths of his community efforts and volunteerism.
For example, he was largely responsible for creating our regional fire authority and was, as one firefighter told me, the “grandfather” of the critical incident debriefing movement in our community.
As I observed Betty through the years and during this loss, I saw a woman of strength and beauty, who could reach into her own heart and give comfort to others in the face of her own despair.
She asked me to speak at Chuck’s funeral. I shared my experiences and thoughts of Chuck and Betty with the congregation. I addressed Chuck's grandchildren and expressed my admiration for a man who lived every day by the principles he had established during his life. I said I saw Chuck’s life as a shining example of sacrificial love.
Three months after Chuck’s death, we held our second seminar on “A Discourse on Grief.” The panel consisted of family members of patients who had died in our unit. They provided an intimate and insightful look into their needs and thoughts as they discussed how best to assist people who are grieving the death of a loved one.
Betty and Chuck’s daughter attended. Another woman, who had been instrumental in helping secure funds for our project and her daughter were also in the audience. One of the panel members, whose parents had died, had helped with our project in the planning stages.
We had truly come full circle. There was no clear distinction between the caregivers and the care receivers. Probably, we were all a bit of both.
Mentors Guide Wyeth-Ayerst Fellows in Clinical Leadership
Members of the 1999-2000 AACN Wyeth-Ayerst Nursing Fellows Reporter Program class have completed the nine-month fellowship.
Sponsored by Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories in collaboration with AACN and the American Journal of Nursing, the program provides acute and critical care nurses an opportunity to develop clinical leadership, including professional writing skills, under the guidance of an experienced nurse mentor. A total of 189 mentors and fellows have participated in the program since its inception in 1992.
Under the program, each fellow completed an individualized project and developed a manuscript for inclusion in a supplement to the May 2000 issue of the American Journal of Nursing. The mentors and fellows wereb honored at a convocation ceremony, reception and dinner at AACN’s National Teaching Institute™ and Critical Care Exposition, May 20 through 25, 2000, in Orlando, Fla.
Following are the Class of 1999-2000 Wyeth-Ayerst fellows and mentors:
|Roberta Fruth, RN, PhD, CCRN|
Oak Park, Ill.
June Oliver, RN, BSN, CCRN|
Oak Park, Ill.
|Julie Johnson Zerwic, RN, PhD|
Diane Marie Ford, RN, MS, CCRN|
Berrien Springs, Minn.
|Mary Fran Tracy, RN, MS, CCRN|
Dawn Wilson, RN, MS, CS|
|Barbara Gill, RN, MN|
Laura Hoffman, RN, BSN, CCRN|
Oklahoma City, Okla.
|Janie Heath, RN, MS, CCRN, CS-ANP, CS-ACNP|
Judy Graham-Garcia, RN, MN, CCRN, CEN, CS-FNP|
|Laura R. Brosch, RN, MSN, PhD|
University Place, Wash.
Mary S. McCarthy, RN, MN|
|Gary Bouley, RN, APRN, MS, CS, CCRN|
Jill Stewart, RN, BSN|
|Lynn Ferchau, RN, MSN, CCRN|
Mt. Laurel, N.J.
Shani Elk, RN, ADN|
|Sherill Nones Cronin, RNC, PhD|
Jo Carol Ockerman, RN, MSN|
|Dorothy Mayer, RN, MS, CS|
Ann Axelberg, RN, BA|
Apply for 2000-01 Reporters Program
Applications for the 2000-2001 class of mentors and fellows in the AACN Wyeth-Ayerst Nursing Fellows Reporter Program must be postmarked or faxed by July 7, 2000.
Mentors are experienced acute and critical care nurses, who can guide a fellow in the further development of clinical leadership skills, including professional writing. Fellows are acute and critical care nurses, at any level of experience, who have demonstrated clinical leadership potential and who are interested in developing their writing skills. In the past, select graduating nursing students also have participated as fellows.
Both mentors and fellows must have clinical expertise or interest in the care of patients with cardiorespiratory disease. The pairs of mentors and fellows will work together to produce a manuscript on a current cardiopulmonary topic. These manuscripts will be published in a supplement to the May issue of the American Journal of Nursing and showcased at the AACN’s National Teaching Institute™ and Critical Care Exposition, May 19 through 24, 2001, in Anaheim, Calif. The mentors and fellows are also honored at a convocation ceremony, reception and dinner at the NTI.
Fellows will receive registration, travel and lodging to the NTI. Mentors receive complimentary NTI registration and a $500 educational grant.
Application forms are available by calling (800) 899-2226. They can also be obtained via Fax on Demand at (800) 222-6329 (Request Document #2005), or the AACN Web site at www.aacn.org. For more information, contact Clinical Practice Specialist Justine Medina, RN, MS, at (800) 394-5995, ext. 401.
Aventis Funds 30 NTI Scholarships
As many as 30 critical care nurses will attend AACN’s National Teaching Institute™ and Critical Care Exposition in Orlando, Fla., thanks to the support of Aventis Pharmaceuticals. Aventis has contributed 30, $1,000 scholarships, which will be applied by AACN chapter members selected toward the expenses of attending the NTI.
Recipients are nurses who have worked in critical care less than two years and who have never attended an NTI. They will be guests at the Aventis Breakfast Session at the NTI, which is scheduled for May 20 through 25, 2000 Scholarship applications were handled through AACN chapters.
'Champions of Industry' Video Available
An expanded version of the televised “Champions of Industry” video, which featured AACN and critical care nursing, is now available.
The video, which aired in November 1999 as part of Pat Summerall’s “Champions of Industry” series on MSNBC, can be viewed via the AACN Web site at
http://www.aacn.org. It can also be ordered by calling (800) 899-AACN (2226) or by visiting AACN online bookstore on the Web site. Price is $3.95, plus shipping and handling. Through May 31, 2000, you will receive the video free, while supplies last, with any catalog or online purchase of $25 or more.
This video is ideal for use in community speaking engagements, recruitment efforts and other programs promoting the merits of
critical care nursing.
Thanks for Being a Part of Campaign
More than 1,600 new members were recruited in AACN’s Member-Get-A-Member campaign, which ended March 30, 2000.
Launched in July 1998, the campaign offered members who recruited new members a chance to accumulate points toward rewards at various levels. These points continued to build from reward level to reward level.
AACN appreciates the efforts of all members who participated in this program.
A new membership campaign will be launched at AACN’s National Teaching Institute™ and Critical Care Exposition, May 20 through 25, 2000, in Orlando, Fla.
Join AACN With 5 or More Colleagues and Enjoy a Discount on Your Membership Fee
Join or renew your membership in AACN with four or more of your colleagues and receive a discount on the membership fee. Under the program, both new and renewing members or affiliate members can pay $69 per year instead of the regular $78 annual fee if they join in groups of five or more.
The group discount also applies to international, student and emeritus memberships. Groups of international members pay $92 per year instead of $104, and groups of student members or of emeritus members pay $46 instead of $52. The group rate applies only to one-year memberships, and full payment for all members in the group must accompany orders. Membership certificates will be mailed to the individual placing the order for distribution to all members of the group.
For more information about this new program or to obtain a group membership application form, call (800) 899-AACN (2226), or visit the AACN Web site at
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Sponsors Computer Lab at NTI
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins will sponsor the Independent Study Center learning lab at AACN’s National Teaching Institute, May 20 through 25, 2000, in Orlando, Fla.
The lab will consist of six computers with Internet access to Lippincott Williams & Wilkins’ products, such as the AACN Medi-Sim Library. This practical simulation library consists of products on the hematologic, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, neurological, pulmonary, renal, cardiovascular and endocrine systems, as well as neonatal and pediatric critical care. For more information about the AACN Medi-Sim Library, call Lippincott Williams & Wilkins at (800) 326-1685.
The Independent Study Center is part of the NTI Self-Study Pavilion, where participants can earn CEs in a self-paced, hands-on environment.
LWW is a global publisher of medical, nursing and allied health information resources in book, journal, newsletter, looseleaf and electronic media formats
Public Policy Update
In April, the U.S. House of Representatives rejected the Clinton administration’s plan to offer transplant organs to the sickest patients first, regardless of where they lived. In its place, the House approved HR 2418, a measure that would return to a policy of distributing organs locally to medically eligible patients, in order of need, before the organs would be offered regionally and then nationally.
The measure would strip the Department of Health and Human Service’s (HHS) power to set transplant policy and returns control of organ distribution to the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS), which has overseen the program under a government contract since 1984. A 1999 Institute of Medicine report supported HHS’ oversight of the transplant system and urged an end to geographic barriers. Although UNOS has been working to implement the new policy, which became effective March 16, 2000, the organization did not favor the changes, and instead supported efforts by lawmakers to restore its decision-making authority.
The Clinton administration has threatened to veto the House bill, and questions the constitutionality of removing HHS authority over the issue. The House bill encourages organ donation by providing financial assistance to living individuals who donate parts of a liver or kidneys and provides incentives in the form of grants to states to encourage such donation. Sens. Edward Kennedy (D-Mass.) and Bill Frist (R-Tenn.), who is a transplant surgeon, are drafting a compromise measure. It would give an expert panel the authority to intervene and resolve transplant policy disputes. UNOS has pledged to continue to work with legislators to pass a bill that meets the needs of patients awaiting life-saving transplants and to cooperate with HHS to improve organ allocation policy.
Medical Error Information
The Medical Error Prevention Act of 2000, which was introduced in the 106th session of Congress by Congresswoman Connie Morella (R-Md.), seeks to protect medical error information that is voluntarily reported by healthcare providers. Morella prepared the legislation, HR 3672, with the assistance of the United States Pharmacopeia (USP), in response to the Institute of Medicine (IOM) report on medical errors. The report notes that the absence of protection poses a major barrier to the reporting of medical errors. The IOM report calls on Congress to enact a law shielding voluntary reports of errors from disclosure in civil and administrative proceedings. The legislation will not affect current privileges that exist under state laws.
Reducing Medication Errors
The American Hospital Association (AHA) has teamed with the California Hospital Association (CHA) to provide hospitals with two tools to educate and assist staff in improving patient safety. As part of an ongoing educational effort to reduce medication errors throughout the nation, the tools include “Beyond Blame,” a nine-minute educational video which presents a series of errors from the viewpoint of healthcare providers involved in errors, and a publication titled Reducing Medication Errors and Improving Patient Safety. Distribution of the tools by AHA and CHA began in April 2000. For more information about these tools, contact AHA at (202) 626-2960.
NP Antitrust Protection
HR 1304, The Quality Health Care Coalition Act of 1999, could remove current antitrust laws protecting nurse practitioners (NPs). The bill contains language that could bar NPs from practicing in certain managed care organizations or could hinder their practice. Introduced by Rep. Tom Campbell (R-Calif.), the bill would allow physicians and other healthcare providers to bargain collectively with managed care organizations. Physicians would be able to bargain for contract terms that require a physician to be onsite when anesthesia is administered, even if a certified nurse anesthetist administers the anesthesia.
A recent action alert issued by the American College of Nurse Practitioners (ACNP), stated: “The bill will harm nurse practitioners and their patients, would remove current antitrust laws protecting NPs and would block patient access to cost-effective healthcare providers.” The ACNP has urged NPs to contact their legislators to ask them not to support the bill, which was referred to the House Committee on the Judiciary for amendment.
Patients’ Bill of Rights
With the House and Senate deadlocked on legislation to define patients’ rights, negotiations have been slowed. The two versions, now designated as H.R. 2990, contain substantial differences.
Rep. Charlie Norwood (R-Ga.), co-author of the House-passed version, proposed a compromise on one of the biggest issues in dispute--how many Americans should be protected by new federal standards? Norwood said that he could accept the Senate’s position setting federal standards for a much smaller group, if Congress clarified the states’ authority to regulate insurance for everyone else. This would ensure that all Americans have access to patient protection through either federal or state law.
The conference chair, Senate Majority Whip Don Nickels (R-Okla.), had hoped that the debate could be settled and a final version passed by the House and Senate before the April 15, 2000, congressional break.
For more information, on these and other issues, visit the “Public Policy” area of the AACN Web site at
AACN Thanks Its Corporate Partners With Industry!
Following are our corporate partners, who contribute substantially toward support of grants, scholarships, fellowships, awards and other association initiatives. Your Continued Generosity Is Appreciated
|Abbott Laboratories, Critical-Care Systems*|
|Agilent Technologies (formerly Hewlett-Packard)*|
|ALARIS Medical Systems*|
|Atrium Medical Corporation|
|Baxter Healthcare Corporation|
|Cross Country Staffing/TravCorps*|
|Dale Medical Products, Inc.|
|Edwards Lifesciences (formerly Baxter CVG/Edwards Critical-Care Division)|
|GE Marquette Medical Systems|
|Genzyme Surgical Products|
|Kinetic Concepts International, Inc. (KCI)|
|Maginnis/Seabury & Smith|
|Ross Products Division-Abbott Laboratories*|
|Siemens Medical Systems, Inc.*|
|Sigma Theta Tau|
|Society of Critical Care Medicine|
|SpaceLabs Medical Inc.|
|Subaru of America|
|3M Health Care*|
|*Founders Development Group|
Raise a Generation of Savers, Not Spenders
By Euna Kwon
Manager, Education Services
Merrill Lynch Private Client Group
The personal savings rate in the United States, which has declined steadily over the past few decades, recently dipped into negative territory. This savings rate indicates that millions of Americans are headed toward a bleak future, unless their financial habits change.
Disturbing data from the U.S. Census Bureau confirms this savings crisis. According to an analysis of the survey of income and program participation, which was commissioned by Merrill Lynch in 1999, half of American families have net financial assets of less than $1,000. At the same time, personal bankruptcies continue to climb, despite low unemployment rates and the soaring stock market of the last few years.
With this as their heritage, our children are being reared in an era of profligate spending and little planning for the future. They are in danger of reaching adulthood with no regard for saving, no concept of the value of money and no appreciation of the need for personal financial responsibility. In short, we are creating a generation of spenders.
Encourage the Saving Habit
The best long-term solution to the nation’s savings crisis is to teach our children good financial habits. As the foundation of saving, delayed gratification can be one of the most difficult, yet most valuable concepts you can teach your children. How do you get children interested in putting away money for tomorrow, when they’d rather spend it today?
Make Information Age Appropriate
Match savings concepts and programs to your child’s age and abilities. Just as your children collect trading cards or dolls, they can learn to set aside coins or bills. For preschool children, who want to handle and count their money, provide an accessible, nonbreakable bank in which to keep their savings. Even if youngsters can’t save for more than a day or two initially, the habit of saving will begin to take root.
Have children who are a little older save toward larger goals. Tape a picture of the coveted object to the bank to help your child visualize the saving goal. As a reward for saving, promise a trip to the child’s favorite toy store, the grocery store or a “dollar store.”
Liken the rewards of saving to time spent gaining proficiency in some skill. To play in the school orchestra concert or participate in a baseball game, your child needs to practice. In turn, saving is simply the act of preparing for a future need or desire.
By about age 9, a child might be ready to handle a bank savings account. Choose a bank that welcomes small account deposits and sets their fees accordingly. Use a chart at home to track the child’s progress toward his or her goal.
Older children can become excited by how their money grows with the compounding of interest. For example, at a rate of 5% annual interest, a child saving $5 a week would have $266 by the end of one year and $3,371 in 10 years. Use the “Rule of 72” to demonstrate the long-term benefits. Simply divide 72 by the rate of return your money is earning to find the number of years it will take for the money to double.
The Teenage Years
Teens can be motivated by the offer of a small reward if they hit a certain saving goal in a certain amount of time. Challenge them to save $50 in six months, and offer to match that amount if they make it.
You might match all or a part of each dime or dollar a child saves. Or, raise a child’s allowance for sticking to a budget for a specific time period. If your teens need help saving, provide guidelines. Put aside some part of their allowance or chore money before you pay them. Or, let them spend their allowance, but have them save some of their gift money or money they earn at jobs.
Don’t worry if your teens spend their money on goals that you do not consider worthy. What is important is cultivating the saving habit.
Saving at Any Age
Saving can be learned at any age. Get your youngsters into the practice of saving early on. It is a habit they likely will carry into their adult years, and give them a head start toward their own financial security and future success.
Perhaps most important is providing the example your children need to learn the value of saving. Every family needs a plan for spending and a system of controls to ensure that the spending plan is followed. By putting those elements in place, you will ensure that you will have money in your budget for saving.
Remember that, when it comes to saving, time is one of your biggest allies. Over time, your principal can increase through growth not only of your investments, but also of your interest, dividends and new deposits of savings. Because of this opportunity for growth, the earlier you start, the more likely it is that you’ll reach your financial goals.
For more information about Merrill Lynch accounts and services to benefit AACN members, call (888) MLSAVES (657-2837) and ask for ext. AACN (2226). Merrill Lynch has also established a Web site for AACN members. The site can be accessed through the “Members Services” area of the AACN Web site at
NTI Session to be Taped for Future Broadcast
An educational grant from GE Marquette Medical Systems will be used to videotape a concurrent session at the National Teaching Institute™ in Orlando, Fla., for future broadcast via satellite.
The session, titled “Time is Brain: Thrombolytics and Acute Ischemic Stroke,” will be presented at 2:15 p.m. May 22, 2000, by Mary Kay Bader, RN, MSN, CCRN, CNRN. The NTI is scheduled for May 20 through 25, 2000.
The video program will be produced by GE Medical Systems TiP-TV and broadcast on its satellite network.
The one-hour satellite broadcast will air at noon July 27, 2000; 1 p.m. Aug. 3, 2000; 2 p.m. Aug. 9, 2000; and 3 p.m. Aug. 18, 2000. All times are EDT.
To find out if your facility is a TiP-TV subscriber or for subscription information, call (877) 438-4788.