AACN News—September 2001—Association News

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Vol. 18, No. 9, SEPTEMBER 2001

Scene and Heard
Efforts Focus Attention on Critical Care Nursing
AACN Is on the Scene to Make Voice Heard

Local and national efforts to promote the value of nursing and make certain that the voice of critical care nurses is prominent on issues affecting the workplace and quality of care have been paying off on a number of fronts. Chapters, individual members, the national leadership team and the national office staff are working hard to ensure that our profession and our association are featured prominently in the media and at forums where the future of healthcare will be shaped.

Debuting in this issue of AACN News is a new column that we call “Scene and Heard.” This new feature will not only keep you abreast of the progress toward raising awareness of our specialty and the important issues that face the environment of critical care, but also let you know how your colleagues are promoting critical care nursing around the country.

Media Highlights
AACN was mentioned more than 75 times in newspapers and on television from April through July 2001. This exposure ranged from community calendar sections listing chapter events to television coverage in major metropolitan markets. Following are some of the highlights:
• AACN member Pat Carroll, RNC, ADN, MS, CEN, who appears in
a monthly spot on Fox 5 News in New York City, dedicated her July feature to critical care. She educated viewers on what to expect in critical care settings, offered advice on advance directives and living wills and—in conjunction with AACN—provided tips on what to do if a loved one is in a critical care unit.
• AACN Circle of Excellence Award recipients and AACN chapter events were mentioned dozens of times in local papers across the country, thanks to the great outreach efforts of our members and chapters.
• AACN worked with MedStar TV, a company that films news stories and distributes them to major local news stations, to develop a story on the nursing shortage. The segment, which was filmed at Georgetown University Medical Center in Washington, D.C., featured AACN member Carol Rauen, RN, MS, CCRN, as spokesperson. To date, the story has run on stations in Austin, Tex., Kansas City, Mo., Harrisburg, Pa., Oklahoma City, Okla., and Champaign, Ill.
• Coverage of AACN’s 2001 National Teaching Institute™ and Critical Care Exposition and a corresponding news conference on the nursing shortage appeared in several print and online publications, including Nursing Spectrum, RN magazine, AHA News Now and nurses.com. The news conference was scheduled in partnership with the American College of Chest Physicians and nursing shortage expert Peter Buerhaus, RN, PhD, FAAN,

Our Voice at the Table
AACN has dramatically increased efforts to be a part of public policy and industry discussions that will impact the future of nursing. Following are a few of the important discussions in which AACN has taken part:
• AACN President Michael Williams, RN, MSN, CCRN, attended a briefing by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) on how the nursing shortage affects infection rates. The panel reviewed research findings showing that infection rates climb as staffing declines.
• Williams also gave a private “desk side” briefing to key officials at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) in June 2001. He stressed to the new administration the impact that the nursing shortage and workplace issues are having on the delivery of critical care. This meeting has led to continued dialogue, with DHHS asking AACN to provide additional input for upcoming activities to address the shortage.
• AACN was asked to contribute to a Correspondence Report regarding the nursing shortage, which was compiled at the end of June 2001 by the U.S. General Accounting Office at the request of U.S. Rep. Nancy Johnson (R-Conn.).
• Williams and AACN board member Dorrie Fontaine, RN, DNSc, FAAN, attended high-level discussions with the American College of Chest Physicians, the Society for Critical Care Medicine and the American Thoracic Surgeons about continued work on the COMPACCS (Committee on Manpower for Pulmonary and Critical Care Societies) study to raise awareness of labor shortages—including physicians and nurses—in critical care and to move toward solutions.
• AACN CEO Wanda Johanson, RN, MN, was one of an honored few asked to serve on the Call to the Nursing Profession steering committee that will organize a summit in September 2001 to bring together the nation’s leading nursing organizations to work toward definitive action to alleviate the current nurse staffing crisis and emerging nursing shortage. The initiative will also communicate to the public that the nursing profession is united in its efforts to address these critical issues.

If you or your chapter is planning to reach out to the media or other groups to promote critical care nursing, we would like to highlight your efforts in future columns. Send your information to AACN News, 101 Columbia, Aliso Viejo, CA 92656; fax, (949) 362-2049; e-mail, aacnnews@aacn.org.

Seeking Nurses for a Healthier Tomorrow
‘It’s Life. It’s Real’ Slogan Keys Campaign

Rallying around a slogan of “Nursing. It’s Real. It’s Life.” AACN and a coalition of 30 other nursing and healthcare organizations have launched a joint communications campaign to address the nursing shortage.

Organized under the name of Nurses for a Healthier Tomorrow, the campaign seeks to emphasize the appeal of nursing as a profession to middle- and high school-age youth, as well as to identify strategies for retaining nurses currently in the field. Luci Baines Johnson and Elizabeth Dole are the honorary co-chairs of this national campaign.

Initially the campaign will feature seven print advertisements and one public service television announcement. The coalition plans to add a radio spot, brochures and other materials if additional funding is secured.

In addition to showcasing clinicians, the campaign features successful nurses in a wide range of work environments and positions. Communicating the message that nursing is a career valuable for many, the campaign includes an emphasis on men and minorities in nursing. It is portrayed as a career in which professionalism, teamwork and leadership
are key.

The 30-second public service television announcement will be distributed to 200 television stations nationwide. The distribution list is available on the Nurses for a Healthier Tomorrow Web site at http://www.nursesource.org. Supporters are encouraged to contact stations in their area to ask them to air the announcement.

In addition, organizations, facilities and individuals can order a public service announcement kit for $100 to distribute to their local stations, if they were not included in the initial distribution. This kit includes a letter to television station public service directors, color storyboard of the announcement and a broadcast-quality copy of the announcement. For an additional cost, an organization’s logo can be placed at the end of the announcement.

The seven print ads can be viewed on the coalition’s Web site, along with a mechanism to request copies of the ads for local distribution.

The Nurses for a Healthier Tomorrow Web site links to an interactive health careers job-bank database, as well as to the Web sites of all coalition members. If you are interested in supporting this campaign, contact Kathy Bennison at (888) 634-7575; e-mail, bennison@stti.iupui.edu.

Critical Links Campaign Adds Strength in Numbers

The numbers—and the rewards—are adding up as AACN members reach out to share the benefits of their professional association with their colleagues.
By participating in the Critical Links Member-Get-A-Member campaign, you can not only help to strengthen AACN’s voice and influence, but also earn rewards. In fact, recruiting just one new member entitles you to an AACN pocket reference. However, the rewards don’t stop there; they continue to build.

All member recruiters need to do is make certain that their name and AACN member number are included on the new members’ application forms.

The Critical Links campaign, which was launched in May 2001 at AACN’s National Teaching Institute™ and Critical Care Exposition in Anaheim, Calif., ends April 1, 2002. The top recruiters, both individuals and chapters, will be recognized at NTI 2002 in Atlanta, Ga.

Following is additional information about the rewards that await member recruiters, as well as the list of members who recruited new members during the July 2001 reporting period or who have accumulated five or more new members since the campaign began.

Individual Rewards
The reward for the top individual recruiter overall is $500 or an American Express gift certificate. The top recruiter is also eligible for the first-, second- and third-place prize drawings:

1st Prize—Round-trip tickets for two to anywhere in the continental U.S., including a five-day, four-night hotel stay.
2nd Prize—Round-trip tickets for two to anywhere in the continental U.S.
3rd Prize—Four-days, three-nights hotel accommodations at a Marriott Hotel.

In addition to the pocket reference members receive for recruiting their first new member, recruiting five new members earns them a $25 gift certificate toward the purchase of AACN resources. They receive a $50 AACN gift certificate for recruiting 10 new members.

Each month, members who have recruited at least one new member in the month are also entered into a monthly drawing for a $100 American Express gift certificate.

Chapter Rewards
In addition to a $250 gift certificate toward the purchase of AACN resources, chapters reporting the largest increase in membership numbers or the largest percentage increase will receive special recognition at NTI 2002 in Atlanta, Ga. Each month, chapters that recruit new members are also entered into a drawing for one complimentary registration for
NTI 2002.

To obtain Critical Links Member-Get-A-Member recruitment campaign forms, call (800) 899-2226. Request Item #1316. Or, visit the AACN Web site at http://www.aacn.org.

Who Recruited New Members in July?

Following are the totals for members and chapters participating in the Critical Links Member-Get-A-Member campaign in July, as well as those who have accumulated five or more new members since the campaign began.


Wanda Allman, RN
Michele Benoit, RN, BSN
Michael Beshel, RN, BSN, CCRN, CEN
Michael C. Blanchard, RN
Janis E. Boterf, RN, ADN, BA, CCRN
Sasipa Charnchaichujit, RN
Claire A. Collins, RN, BSN, BS
Linda K. Cook, RN, AA, MS, CCNS
*Kathleen Corban, RN, BSN, CCRN
Beverly Czerniak, RN
Alice Dean, RN
Claudette J. Dion, RN
Linda Egan, RN, BSN
Marie Eidam, RN
Peggy Lynn Ennis, RN
Deborah A. Fisher, RN, MSN, CCRN, CNRN
Carla J. Freeman, RN, BSN, CCRN
Lita T. Gorman, RN, BSN, CCRN, CEN
Drenda J. Hall, RN, CCRN
Carol M. Hinkle, RN, BA, MSN, CCRN
Kimberly S. Hodge, RN, ADN, CCRN
Zondra Hull, RN
Luisa Michelle Janosik, RN, MN, CCRN
Patricia Jennings, RN, ADN, CCRN
Kathy M. Kabobel, RN, BSN
Lori E. Kennedy, RN, BSN, CCRN
Rachelle M. King, RN, BSN
Barbara McGurgan, RN, MSN, CCRN
Maryanne E. McMahon, RN, CCRN
James Mears, RN
Arlene Messina, RN, ADN
Julie S. Miller, RN, BSN, CCRN
Annette M. Montoya, RN, BS
Carol Reitz-Barlow, RN, DNS, CCRN
Elizabeth A. Voelker, RN, ADN, AA
Jan-Erik R. Zeller, RN, BSN

Chapter Totals
Atlanta Area Chapter
Greater Birmingham Chapter
Greater Chicago Area Chapter
Greater East Texas Chapter
Greater Memphis Area Chapter
Heart of Acadiana Chapter
Heart of the Piedmont Chapter
Northeast Indiana Chapter
Pacific Crest Regional Chapter
Smoky Hill Chapter

# Recruited



July Rewards
Congratulations to the reward recipients in our monthly membership campaign drawings for July. Each month, one chapter will receive a complimentary registration to NTI 2002 and one individual will receive a $100 American Express gift certificate. The recipients are randomly selected from those who recruited at least one new member during the month.
The recipients in July were:
• Chapter—Greater East Texas Chapter
• Individual— Lori Kennedy, RN, BSN, CCRN

On the Road

AACN frequently takes its show on the road, when representatives of the AACN National Office exhibit at conferences throughout the country. Following is the exhibit schedule for September and October, 2001:

Orlando, Fla.
Sept. 9-12—Nursing Management Congress (Booth #318),
Sept. 12-16—Emergency Nurses Association (Booth #1528)

Philadelphia, Pa.
Oct. 23-27—Trends Conference, Philadelphia, Pa.

If you are attending these conferences, stop by the AACN exhibit to visit with your National Office team.

Special Events Bolster Scholarship Fundraising

Two special fundraising events during the 2001 National Teaching Institute™ and Critical Care Exposition generated more than $30,000 for AACN’s new Scholarship Fund. The first annual Silent Auction generated $24,000 and a contest offering a Hyundai SUV as the prize generated another $6,000.

More than 180 auction gifts, donated by individuals and corporations, drew participants into good-natured bidding wars. Sports Illustrated photographs of sports celebrities, donated by the photographers through AACN Board member Fay Wright and her husband Jeff Weig, and a therapeutic chair donated by Stryker Medical valued at $1,500 captured the highest bids.

NTI participants making a gift to the Scholarship Fund could guess the number of pens filling the rear compartment of a Santa Fe SUV, donated by Hyundai Motor America. Nurse practitioner Eric Bailey, head of occupational medicine at Richland Memorial Hospital, Olney, Ill., guessed within five of the 7,347 pens, donated by Cross Country TravCorps.

“Since 1982,” explains Ramón Lavandero, director of development and strategic alliances, “we’ve supplemented generous annual gifts from corporations, members and friends with operating funds. The Board of Directors has now established a dedicated fund that we will grow into a self-sustaining financial source.

For more information about the 2002 Silent Auction and the AACN Scholarship Fund, contact the Development Office at (800) 394-5995, ext. 531, or e-mail development@aacn.org.

Congratulations to Educational Advancement Scholarship Recipients

RN to BSN Scholarships
Sharon Alexander, RN, ADN
Riverside, Calif.
Cal State University, Dominguez Hills

Cary Anderson, RN
Boyne City, Mich.
Lake Superior State University

Carrie Bengston, RN, ADN, CCRN
Winston-Salem, N.C..
University of North Carolina, Greensboro

Kathleen Bindeman, RN
Erie, Pa.
Gannon University

Michelle Bond-Spandiary, RN, ADN, CCRN
Schaunburg, Ill.
Lewis University

Marie Everhart, RN, ADN, CCRN
Dallas, Pa.
College Misericordia

Charlene Friedrich, RN, CCRN
Scottsdale, Ariz.
University of Phoenix

Michelle Gaudreau, RN
Alanson, Mich.
University of Michigan

Beverly Ingram, RN, ADN, CCRN
Omaha, Ark.
Excelsior Collge

Valerie Jons, RN
Petoskey, Mich.
University of Michigan

Kathryn Keiper, RN, CCRN, CHE
Stroudsburg, Pa.
University of Phoenix

Tanya Macculloch, RN
Conway, N.H.
University of New Hampshire

Brigitte McKale, RN, ADN, CCRN
Kaolei, Hawaii
University of Phoenix

Maryann O’Loughlin, RN, ADN, CCRN,
Beaverton, Colo.
Oregon Health Sciences University

Holly Paccione, RN
Spotswood, N.J.
Kean University

Donna Proulx, RN, ADN, CCRN
Manchester, N.H.
Rivier College

Lisa Schultz, RN, ADN, CCRN
Annville, Pa.
Imaculata College

Breann Sims, RN
Omaha, Neb.
Creighton University

Sabra Dawn Sorbo, RN, ADN, CCRN
Valley Springs, Ark.
Excelsior College

Margaret Stanley, RN, ADN, CCRN
Chugiak, Alaska
Saint Joseph’s College of Maine

Kathleen Trotta, RN
Glen Rock, N.J.
Ramapo College of New Jersey
Sally Urban, RN, ADN, CCRN
Freshwater, Calif.
Humboldt State University

Zulma Vignale, RN
Perth Amboy, N.J.
Kean University

Sandra Walker, RN, ADN, CCRN
Los Angeles, Calif.
UCLA School of Nursing

Karon Wold, RN, ADN, CCRN
Concord, N.C.
Gardner-Webb University

Graduate Scholarships

Mary Alt, RN, BSN, CCRN
Norfolk, Neb.
University of Nebraska Medical Center

Allison Amend, RN, BSN
New Haven, Conn.
Yale University, School of Nursing

Olga Amusina, RN, BSN
Northbrook, Ill.
University of Illinois at Chicago

Donna Anderson, RN, BSN, CCRN
Wrentham, Mass.
Northeastern University

Lacey Armistead, RN, BSN, CCRN
High Point, N.C.
University of North Carolina at Greensboro

Teri Armour-Burton, RN, BSN, CCRN
Lemon Grove, Calif.
University of Phoenix

Brenda Austin, RN, BSN, CCRN
Prescott, Ariz.
Northern Arizona University

Karen Ayers, RN, BSN, CCRN
Eureka, Calif.
University of California, San Francisco

Karen Biewick-Harrison, RN, BSN, BS, CCRN
Sherman, Tex.
University of Texas, Arlington

Suzanne Brungs, RN, BSN, CCRN
Maineville, Ohio
Xavier University

Lorna Campbell-Reid, RN, BSN
Bronx, N.Y.
Mercy College

Rita Collins, RN, BSN, CCRN
Nash, Tex.
University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences

Claire Curran, RN, BSN, CCRN, EMT
Chapel Hill, N.C.
University of North Carolina, Greensboro

Ngocha Dang, RN, BSN, CCRN
Pittsburgh, Pa.
University of Pittsburgh

Melanie Duckworth, RN, BSN
Arlington Heights, Ill.
University of Illinois at Chicago

Melissa Dyo, RN, BSN, CCRN
Long Beach, Calif.lif.
California State University, Long Beach

Donovan Earley, RN, BSN, CCRN
New Braunfels, Tex.
Baylor College of Medicine

Lynn Eilers-Hovorka, RN, BSN, BA, CCRN
Sacramento, Calif.
Samuel Merritt College

Laurie Finger, RN, BSN, CCRN
LaPlace, La.
Louisiana State University

Kathryn Frum, RN, BSN
Coolville, Ohio
Otterbein College

Betsy Gaffney, RN, BS, CCRN
Trucksville, Pa.
College Misericordia

Kathie Galias, RN, BSN
Cary, Ill.
St Joseph College of Nursing

Nicole Gendron
Arlington, Va.
Marymount University

Kelly Gettig, RNC, BSN
Round Rock, Texas
University of Texas, Austin

Karen Giulano, RN, MSN, CCNS, CCRN, ACNP
Atkinson, N.H.
Boston College

Kimberly Gray, RN, BSN
Belleville, Mich
University of Phoenix

Gayle Harrell, RN, BSN
Pelahatchie, Miss.
University of Mississippi School of Nursing

Jennifer Harrison, RN, BSN
Manuel, N.D.
University of North Dakota

Mary Ann Heiser, RN, BSN
Portsmouth, R.I.
Northeastern University
Gina Jamero, RN, BSN
San Francisco, Calif.
University of California, San Francisco

Tammy Johnsen, RN, BSN
Bolingbrook, Ill.
DePaul University

Kathryn Johnson, RN, BSN
Elk Grove, Calif.
University of California, San Francisco

Bonita Keaveny, RN, BSN, CCRN
McLean, Va.
University of Pittsburgh

Deborah Kubowicz, RN, BSN
Fairfield, Conn.
Yale University, School of Nursing

Kathleen Kunis, RN, ADN, BA, CCRN
Petaluma, Calif.
University of California, San Francisco

Thomas Lata, RN, BSN
Sacramento, Calif.
University of California, San Francisco

Tracy Lanes, RNC, MSN, CCRN
Columbia, Mo.
University of Missouri, Columbia

Sabrenda Littles, RN, BSN
Houston, Tex.
University of Texas, Houston

Wai-Ling Lo, RN, BSN
Silver Spring, Md.
University of Maryland, Baltimore

Nancy McCormick, RN, BSN, CCRN
Alpine, Calif.
University of San Diego

Beth McLellan, RN, BSN
Tecumseh, Ontario, Canada
University of Windsor, School of Nursing

Kathleen Mitchell, RN, BSN, CCRN
Baltimore, Md.
University of Maryland

Kelley Mowry, RN, BSN
Pittsburg, Pa.
University of Pittsburgh

Melissa Mruzik, RN, BSN
Dearborn, Pa.
University of Michigan

Alice Naquin, RN, BSN, AA, CCRN
Caledonia, Miss.
Mississippi University for Women

Karen Nave, RN, BSN, CCRN
Jeanette, Pa.
Indiana University of Pennsylvania

Cheryl Oscar, RN, BSN
Norfolk, Va.
Old Dominion University

Cheryl Osmond, RN, BSN, CCRN
Sioux Falls, S.D.
South Dakota University

Sandra Pena, RN, BSN, CCRN
Charlotte, N.C.
University of North Carolina, Charlotte

Leah Press, RN, BSN, CCRN
Philadelphia, Pa.
Temple University

Kristin Print, RN, BSN
Plymouth Meeting, Pa.
University of Pennsylvania

Kari Radford, RN, MS, CCRN
Sterling, Mass.
University of Rhode Island

Renee Rosiek, RN, BSN, CCRN
Durham, N.C.
Duke University
Amy Saft, RN, BSN, CCRN
Oakland, Calif.
Samuel Merritt College

Sandra Saum, RN, BSN, CCRN
San Diego, Calif.
California State Fullerton

Natalie Schiffer, RN, MS, CCRN, ACNP
Albion, N.Y.
University at Buffalo, Suny

Susan Busekist Shafer, RN, BSN, CCRN
Cary, N.C.
University of North Carolina, Greensboro

Kevin Springer, RN, BSN, CCRN
Reno, Nev.
University of Nevada, Reno

Sandra Staveski, RN, BSN, CCRN
Oakland, Calif.
University of California, San Francisco

Melody Stenrose, RN, BSN, AA, CCRN
Fremont, Calif.
University of Phoenix, Pleasanton Campus

Lynda Stoodley, RN, BSN, CCRN
Torrance, Calif.
Calfornia State University, Long Beach
David Tausevich, RN, BSN, CCRN
South Boston, Mass.
University of New England

Kristin Taylor, RN, BSN
Salem, Mass.
University of Massachusetts, Lowell

Emily Timmreck, RN, BSN
Charlottesville, Va.
University of Virginia

Tamara Top, RN, BSN, CCRN
Rock Rapids, Iowa
South Dakota State University

Diane Valentine, RN BSN, CCRN
Clermont, Fla.
University of Central Florida

Catherine Verkaaik, RN, MS
Solana Beach, Calif.
University of San Diego

Cynthia C. Vincent, RN, BSN, CCRN
Kennett Square, Pa.
Medical College of Pennsylvania

Jennifer Wagner, RN, BSN
Louisville, Ohio
Kent State University

Gregory Wallis, RN, ADN, CCRN
Longview, Texas
Texas Wesleyan University

Camillle Washowich, RN, BSN
Columbia, S.C.
University of South Carolina

Joanne Williams, RNC, BSN, CCRN
Franklin, Mass.
University of New England

Joyce Winstead, RN, BSN
Nashville, N.C.
University of N. Carolina, Greensboro

Peggy Worcester, RN, BSN, BS, CCRN
Greenwich, Ohio
Medical College of Ohio

Penelope Zimmerman, RN, BSN
Charlotte, N.C.
University of South Carolina

Revised Standards to be Valuable Education Resource

Members of the 2000-01 AACN Education Work Group are
(from left, seated) Lori Hendrickx (board liaison) and Mary
Holtschneider (chair) and (from left, standing) Linda Schanne,
Barbara Mayer (staff liaison), Barbara Monroe, Caryl
Goodyear-Bruch, Beth Martin and Susan Yeager.

By Linda Schanne, RN, MSN, CCRN
and Beth Martin, RN, MS, CCRN, CNRN
Education Work Group

Revisions to the AACN Education Standards for Acute and Critical Care Nursing are currently under review, following a yearlong analysis by the AACN Education Work Group.

The seven-member volunteer committee, chaired by Mary Holtschneider, RN, BSN, MPA, began its work to revise the 1992 AACN Education Standards for Critical Care in August 2000. In addition to two face-to-face meetings, the members worked individually throughout the year and exchanged e-mails to review and refine proposed updates to the standards. An external group of critical care nurses is now reviewing the content and structure. The completed standards are expected to be ready for publication in late summer 2001.

The revised AACN Education Standards for Acute and Critical Care Nursing is designed to be a valuable resource for years to come for nurses planning continuing education. Included is a major revision to the “Structure and Process” standards section. In addition, measurement criteria to use as a benchmark for the efficacy and success in meeting the standards were developed for a new “Outcomes Standards” section. To assist nurse educators in the practical use of the standards, examples were added to illustrate application of the standards in a variety of settings. Finally, specific terms in the standards were defined and will appear in the appendices.

The aggressive schedule to complete this work was laid out at two formal meetings. The four days that the team met in face-to-face were critical to selecting formats, identifying content outlines and determine writing assignments, as well as creating the project timeline. Although the time together involved long days and hard work, the camaraderie that emerged contributed toward the group’s success.

The AACN Education Work Group for 2000-01 was made up of experienced critical care nurses from academic, clinical and educational backgrounds, with representation from throughout the United States.

In addition to Holtschneider, members were Caryl Goodyear-Bruch, RN, MSN, CCRN, Barbara Monroe, RN, MS, Beth Martin, RN, MS, CCRN, CNRN, Linda Schanne, RN, MSN, CCRN, and Susan Yeager, RN, MS, CCRN. Lori Hendrickx, RN, EdD, CCRN, was the AACN board liaison and Education Director Barbara Mayer, RN, MS, was the national office staff liaison.

AACN Award Honors Outstanding Nurse Educators

The following excerpts are from exemplars submitted in connection with the Bard-AACN Excellence in Education Award for 2001. This award, which is part of AACN’s Circle of Excellence recognition program, honors nurse educators who facilitate the acquisition and advancement of the knowledge and skills required for competent practice and positive patient outcomes in the care of acute and critically ill patients and their families. Recipients were provided complimentary registration, airfare and hotel accommodations for NTI 2001
in Anaheim, Calif.

Nancy L. Gilliland-Seymour, RN, BSN, CCRN
Minooka, Ill.
Ingalls Hospital
Because the constant in critical care nursing is change, one of the more challenging aspects of our profession is to wear a number of different hats that a particular situation may require. While assisting a few years ago with a patient suffering from intracranial bleeding, I had to use almost all of the nursing skills on the palette.

Most of these responsibilities were clinical. However, the less-heralded duties of a critical care nurse can sometimes produce some of the most rewarding results. In this case, providing support and information to a grieving family was the aspect that reminded me why I got into nursing.

The patient, a 28-year-old mother of four, could not be saved. However, through measured and well-informed communication, the beginning of the healing process for her family was eventually achieved. The family not only accepted the death, but also gained a deep sense of peace that their loved one would help perpetuate the miracle of the life cycle through organ donation.

In the end, one family's tragedy spawned precious opportunities for others to live. Like life itself, our profession is a frenetic, ever-changing mosaic of trauma, hope, despair, grief, joy, healing and catharsis. It is indeed our greatest glory as nurses to know that as a spoke in the big wheel, we together made a difference in the lives of so many.

Linda Littlejohns, RN, MSN, CCRN, CNRN
San Juan Capistrano, Calif.
Integra Neurosciences
How do we measure our impact on our chosen profession? As a nurse educator, then as a clinical nurse specialist and now in the role of vice president of clinical development for
a medical device company, I have been mentored and supported in countless ways.

Nurse educators often assume the education role because of a need, first as a preceptor and then as a participant in hospital-based education. So it was that I started educating others and, in the process, found a niche in neuroscience nursing that drew me passionately to a patient population and the nurses who care for them. Leaving the bedside and hospital environment after a call came from industry was a difficult decision, because the patients, families and my colleagues played such an important role in the two-way street of education. However the opportunities to face new challenges and take the messages to a greater audience were tempting. The clean slate in a clinically based role offered by a company that wanted to make a difference was irresistible.

The chance to visit hospitals domestically and internationally to support and educate nurses, doctors and associated healthcare professionals began immediately and has continued to grow. The passion has spread to include hosting nurses from foreign countries, who have returned to their hospitals laden with protocols, procedures and good wishes from professional friendships developed during their stay in the United States. The addition of a nursing track at the Argentina Neurosurgery Meeting and the chance to present during this meeting with the nurses in Argentina on the implementation of severe head injury guidelines is just one of the incredible impacts that has occurred.

I remain convinced that educators have a pivotal role in breaking down barriers and raising the bar to foster learning and improve patient outcomes.

Cpt. Michael Schlicher, RN, BSN, PHN, BA
San Antonio, Texas
Brooke Army Medical Center
First, I am a registered nurse charged with developing and implementing change to improve the functioning of our healthcare system, charged with advocating for the rights of my patients, charged with coaching and educating staff and patients alike and empowered to provide nursing care that encompasses the whole continuum of health to include physical, emotional, mental, social, and spiritual dimensions.

Second, I am a critical care nurse, a knowledge worker who is able to manage critical information and high technology on one hand and make complicated clinical judgments on the other. As a critical care nurse, I have carefully tried to bridge the increasing advancement of technology with the basics of hands-on nursing care, bringing together the art and science of nursing practice.

As a nurse educator, it is my belief that I am automatically a nurse leader. I feel that it is my responsibility as a nursing educator to collaborate with our established practice settings, to shape practice and impact care, not just respond to changes in the practice environment. Nursing care can only be as good as the quality of the partnership that develops from nursing education and nursing practice.

Translating my values and philosophy so that my students will remain excited about critical care has been a major objective. Learning is a dynamic process, and to be successful either personally or professionally, learning must always occur. I strive to bring this special feeling to my students and meet their individual needs, always listening and providing humor. I strive to keep my faith and dedication to teaching, taking pride in giving my profession and my students the finest skills I have.

AACN Award Recognizes Excellence in Leadership

The following excerpts are from exemplars submitted in connection with the AACN Excellence in Leadership Award for 2001. This award, which is part of AACN’s Circle of Excellence recognition program, honors nurses who demonstrate the key leadership competencies of empowerment, effective communication and continuous learning, and the effective management of change. Recipients were provided complimentary registration, airfare and hotel accommodations for the NTI 2001 in Anaheim, Calif.

Cheryl Duran, RN, BSN, CCRN
Albuquerque, N.M.
University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center
As a new manager, I was responsible for leading two units through the redesign process, with special focus on transforming an existing unit to an all-subacute care status department. The goal of our redesign process was to be able to move patients through the hospital more smoothly, as well as to allow staff to develop “centers of excellence” with consistent patient populations. This involved change in leadership, training and patient population to achieve alignment with the medical ICU, a “sister unit.”

Change in leadership involved a new unit director, medical director, clinical nurse specialist and four charge nurses. The staffs were involved in the selection process of the unit director and charge nurses, as well as meeting expectations and goals. The staff and charge meetings were held jointly with the medical ICU to bring familiarity with as well as support for each department’s individuality.

Curing the redesign, the unit went from half-floor and half-subacute care status patients to all-subacute care status. To involve staff in changes that were occurring, education and preceptor committees were developed. My most important job during this process was to mobilize and bring in resources that had previously been unavailable to the unit. These resources included access to ACLS, and to the citywide critical care and basic arrhythmia courses. With the exception of the basic arrhythmia course, these had previously been recommended. Now they were to be a mandatory part of the unit orientation and competency process.

I worked hard to maintain these resources in an effort to develop staff trust in the change process, as well as their trust that I would support them to the best of my ability. I was fortunate to have been accepted in a unit and immediately surrounded by energetic, committed staff who wanted to support the unit. The philosophy we shared was to develop the resources and skills necessary for delivering excellent patient care.

Norma Hess, RN, BSN
Fishers, Ind.
Clarian Health
“You and I are going to develop the first heart transplant program in a private hospital in the world.” These amazing and surprising words were spoken to me in 1979 by one of the cardiac surgeons at the midwestern hospital where I was the head nurse of the open heart recovery unit. Little did I know at the time that the direction of my professional and personal life would change drastically because of his amazing and challenging idea.

We performed the first heart transplant in a private hospital on Oct. 30, 1982. Our first transplant was a 40-year-old woman named Annie, who had been diagnosed with familial cardiomyopathy. Her struggle and her story have remained a constant inspiration to me and to my staff throughout the years. My area of management has grown to include a 40-bed cardiovascular step-down unit with six progressive beds and a 39-bed pulmonary unit with eight progressive ventilator beds. Each new challenge has allowed me to stretch and grow.

I believe that accessibility and visibility are important to success as a leader. Thus, I maintain an open-door policy and am accessible by voice mail to any staff member at any time. I have communication meetings and staff meetings and manage by walking around. I believe it is important to recognize staff doing something right, and I try to do this frequently. Recognition of an employee’s excellent performance is extremely important for a happy, productive staff, and I give recognition whenever possible. Mentoring and watching professional growth is one of the joys of my career. I hope I have contributed to the values and expertise that all nurses will need for the future.

Karen Stutzer-Treimel, RN, MS, CCRN
Pequannock, N.J.
Valley Hospital
As a leader, I believe that I must provide nurses with an environment that fosters their ability to fulfill their professional role. I try to help them understand the changing face of healthcare and to articulate their needs to the organization. To facilitate their change mastery, I try to translate organizational initiatives and values them. I willingly advocate for our profession when initiatives are not in balance with the vision of patients and families being central to all we do.

Healthcare organizations are in a state of continual transition and change. Organizations need to respond to changing technology, reimbursement and demographics of not only the patients and the workforce, but also to the expectations of the consumer. This transition and change creates its own energy requirements that challenge nurses as they strive to provide the best care they can to patients and their families.

I believe that supporting staff in change mastery and listening with a third ear to their concerns during periods of change are key. I believe that as staff begin to feel mastery of their environment and empowered to create change, they are well positioned to advocate for the needs of patients and their families. Each nurse at the bedside needs to see himself or herself as a leader, willing to advocate for patients and families. I try to help develop these skills in the staff I lead. I must continue to assist them in articulating their needs and then seeking solutions. I must coach and mentor so that they can reach their fullest potential, because this potential best serves patients, families and our profession.

Public Policy Update

GAO Reports on Nurse Shortage
A recently released General Accounting Office report on nursing shortage issues agrees with previous reports that indeed a nursing shortage is looming, but indicated that data are not available to adequately analyze the market dynamics.

According to the report, the evidence suggests an emerging shortage of nurses. However, available data are not adequate to calculate the difference between supply and demand and do not allow for sufficient understanding of nursing workforce issues at the state or specialty level.

The report, titled “Nursing Work Force: Emerging Work Shortages Due to Multiple Factors,” calls for more detailed data to assist in “planning and targeting corrective efforts.'”
A study released in May 2001 by the Congressional Research Service could not confirm that an across-the-board shortage of registered nurses exists. Rep. Nancy Johnson (R-Conn.) asked the GAO to study the issue and produce a report. At the request of the GAO, AACN provided information for the report regarding the demand for critical care nurses for the report.

The national unemployment rate for registered nurses was 1% in 2000, the lowest level in a decade, the GAO report said. The report documents that hospitals and other healthcare providers are having difficulties recruiting and retaining nurses and that job dissatisfaction is a major contributing factor. In addition, provider groups such as the American Hospital Association, have reported rising nurse vacancy rates.

AACN in Washington
President Michael L. Williams, RN, MSN, CCRN, and Chris Foster, of AACN’s public imaging firm, Burson-Marsteller, recently met with high-ranking government officials to provide input on issues related to the nursing shortage and its effect on critical care nurses. Participating in the discussions were Deputy Chief of Staff Terrell Halaska, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Public Affairs Kim Kleine and Medical Outreach Coordinator Tracey Self.

The briefing was the first step in a series of outreach efforts designed to position AACN at the forefront for identifying solutions for overcoming the national nursing shortage in critical care. The briefing also laid the groundwork for AACN’s continued involvement in setting the department’s policy priorities related to the shortage. As the department develops a plan of action to respond to this issue, AACN will assist in creating a clear set of strategic recommendations on the role the department can play in responding to the crisis.

Subsequent to the meeting, members of the Burson-Marsteller team were involved in a follow-up meeting with Halaska and Kleine to discuss how AACN can be involved in specific initiatives of the Administration.

Patients’ Bill of Rights
The Democratic-led Senate and the Republican-led House have each passed a bill to create federal safeguards for patients in managed care. Although both pieces of legislation require health plans to provide many of the same services, they differ substantially on the power they would grant patients to enforce those rights. For example, differences are evident on the most polarizing question in the patients' rights debate: how much legal recourse people should have if their health plans deny them care. The Senate version would give consumers easier access to state courts, permit more class actions and allow larger damage awards.

Senators and representatives have indicated they will create a conference committee to resolve the differences between the two bills. In the meantime, the Administration and House Republicans will enter a new round of competition with Senate Democrats for the political high ground on the issue, mindful that regulation of managed care is of prime concern to voters as Congress approaches its midterm elections in 2002. Outside policy analysts and congressional aides from both parties say the substantive differences could be resolved.

Patient Safety
The National Coordinating Council for Medication Error Reporting and Prevention recently issued a set of recommendations asking the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and the U.S. Pharmacopoeia to work with pharmaceutical manufacturers and others to establish and implement uniform bar code standards to improve patient medication safety.

The council also recommended that professional associations develop relevant standards of practice, such as “repackaging and labeling of extemporaneous or compounded preparations,” “educating practitioners on the proper and optimal use of barcodes” and “avoiding processes that allow healthcare professionals to bypass standard operating procedures that give the perception of improving efficiency.”

Patient Safety Practices
A federal report released in July 2001 identifies evidence-based practices that could improve patient safety in the nation's hospitals and nursing homes.

The 640-page report, released by the federal Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) represents an exhaustive review of the scientific literature to identify practices that are proven to be effective and believed to represent a significant opportunity for improvement. Because of the documented risks to patient safety, the report focuses on hospital care, but also considers care delivered in nursing homes, at ambulatory care sites and by patients themselves in managing their care.

Compiled by AHRQ's Evidence-based Practice Center at the University of California-San Francisco/Stanford University, the report is the federal government's “first effort” to examine the patient safety “through the lens of evidence-based medicine.”

Staffing Effectiveness
The Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations Board of Commissioners has approved new staffing effectiveness standards for hospitals. Incorporation of the new standards, which will be implemented in July 2001, is currently being pilot tested at more than 40 hospitals in the U.S. and at one military hospital overseas.

JCAHO will refine the survey process to include these standards, based on the pilot test results. To allow hospitals time to gain knowledge and experience with the new approach, a recommendation to cap the standards until January 2003 will be considered by the Accreditation Committee this fall.

For more information, contact Carol Gilhooley at (630) 792-5270, e-mail, cgilhooley@jcaho.org. (SourceJCAHOnline, July 2001)

The Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations issued a Sentinel Event Alert in July 2001 on exposure to Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. The alert follows reports of two unrelated incidents at accredited hospitals in which a total of 14 patients may have been exposed to Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease through instruments used during brain surgeries. JCAHO stressed that “these new incidents signal the need for renewed awareness of preventive measures in healthcare organizations in regard to infection control...This is particularly important since regular sterilization techniques are not yet proven to be effective against the CJD organism.”

New Code of Ethics
The House of Delegates of the American Nurses Association has adopted nine new provisions to its Code of Ethics, for immediate use in teaching and practice.

The new Code of Ethics provisions are:
1. The nurse, in all professional relationships, practices with compassion and respect for the inherent dignity, worth and uniqueness of every individual, unrestricted by considerations of social or economic status, personal attributes, or the nature of health problems.
2. The nurse's primary commitment is to the patient, whether an individual, family, group or community.
3. The nurse promotes, advocates for, and strives to protect the health, safety, and rights of the patient.
4. The nurse is responsible and accountable for individual nursing practice and determines the appropriate delegation of tasks consistent with the nurse's obligation to provide optimum patient care.
5. The nurse owes the same duties to self as to others, including the responsibility to preserve integrity and safety, to maintain competence and to continue personal and professional growth.
6. The nurse participates in establishing, maintaining and improving health care environments and conditions of employment conducive to the provision of quality health care and consistent with the values of the profession through individual and collective action.
7. The nurse participates in the advancement of the profession through contributions to practice, education, administration, and knowledge development.
8. The nurse collaborates with other health professionals and the public in promoting community, national, and international efforts to meet health needs.
9. The profession of nursing, as represented by associations and their members, is responsible for articulating nursing values, for maintaining the integrity of the
profession and its practice and for shaping social policy.

For further information, e-mail Gladys White at gwhite@ana.org.

Minimum Staffing
According to a new public policy analysis by the Institute of California, meeting state minimum staffing requirements for nurses could be an expensive and difficult proposition for many California hospitals. The analysis is the first to examine the number of hospitals in the state that are likely to be affected by soon-to-be-announced state standards and to estimate the likely costs for implementation.

The report, published in the Journal of Nursing Administration, finds that many hospitals in California could see their expenditures for RNs increase between 5% and 41%, depending on the staffing ratios eventually adopted by the state. The proposal by the California Healthcare Association, which represents hospitals, recommends the lowest nurse-to-patient ratios and produces the smallest increase in costs, resulting in an estimated average annual increase of nearly $200,000 per hospital. The Service Employees International Union proposal, which has been endorsed by Kaiser Permanente, calls for far higher nurse-to-patient ratios and could cost over $1.3 million per hospital annually. The California Nurses Association's proposal could cost hospitals upwards of $2.3 million per year. According to the report, between 50% and 95% of hospitals in California will be affected by new minimum staffing regulations under the three scenarios.

Nurse Immigration Bill
Bipartisan legislation has been introduced in the U.S. Senate to remove barriers that prevent immigrant nurses from entering the country to help ease the nation's nursing shortage. Sens. Sam Brownback (R-Kan.) and Bob Graham (D-Fla.) introduced the Rural and Urban Health Care Act of 2001 on July 27, 2001. It would expand the H-1C category to allow all hospitals to hire nurses on temporary visas, allowing them to stay for up to six years. The American Hospital Association-endorsed bill retains labor protections previously established in the H-1C program regarding wages, layoffs and strikes. In addition, it would authorize Health and Human Services funds to be used for the development of programs to increase the domestic nurse supply.

Errors Exaggerated
A new study contends that an earlier Institute of Medicine report saying medical mistakes in hospitals kill up to 98,000 Americans each year was flawed and that the numbers were exaggerated.

Published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, the study says the number of deaths caused by medical error is actually between 5,000 to 15,000. The researchers say earlier reports were flawed because there was little consensus among the doctors consulted on what constitutes a deadly error.

Rodney Hayward, MD, a professor of medicine and public health at the University of Michigan, led the new study. Although the new numbers are rough estimates, Hayward said he worries that the numbers contained in the earlier report may discourage people from seeking necessary treatments. Hayward's study looked at 111 hospital deaths at seven Veterans Affairs hospitals from 1995 to 1996. Fourteen doctors reviewed the patients' medical records. They reported that 22.7% of the deaths might have been prevented if the patient had received optimal care, and 6% were probably or definitely preventable. That's the same as earlier studies.

However, when they looked more closely, they discovered that, in most cases where one doctor said an error caused a death, the opinion was not held
by the majority of the reviewers. Often there was no good evidence to support the finding.

Lucian Leape, MD, of the Harvard School of Public Health was co-author of the Institute of Medicine report and defends the findings. He says Hayward's sample was too small and that the results were achieved by way of “statistical torturing.”

Leape says some medical professionals have argued his study actually underestimated the number of medical errors that caused deaths.

For more information about these and other issues, visit the “Practice” area of the AACN Web site at http://www.aacn.org.

Long-Term Care Insurance Can Protect You and Your Family

The AACN Long-Term Care Insurance Plan is available to eligible members and their eligible spouses, parents and parents-in-law.

This coverage is meant to help protect your assets, you and your family against the costs of long-term care.

Look at the Risks
You are working hard to secure the best life for yourself and your family. At the same time, like most people, you face a future full of uncertainties. One of the biggest concerns is how to help protect yourself and those you care about against a time when you or your spouse may need help with the activities of daily life.

You have probably known people who needed such care. Perhaps you’ve even been the caregiver for your mother or father. But long-term care is not just for the older generations. Government statistics show that 40% of the people receiving healthcare at home are working-age adults or children. An accident, injury or chronic illness could mean months, even years of long-term care.

Consider the Costs
Our chances of needing long-term care are about one in three, far greater than the chances of being in a major car accident or having a home destroyed by fire. Yet, many Americans have made few plans, if any, for how to meet their needs for long-term care.

Unfortunately, the cost of care is high and is continuing to rise. Data from the National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC), as reported in Business Week in February 1997, tell a disturbing story:
• One hour of home care costs an average of $10 to $18. Thirty hours per week would average $15,000 to $27,000 a year.
• The average annual cost of a residence for assisted living is over $26,000.
• Entry costs for continuing care retirement communities average between $60,000 and $85,000 (in addition to monthly fees of $1,000 to $1,800).
• The cost of care in a nursing home is about $40,000 annually, and costs can run much higher in metropolitan areas.

Research Possible Solutions
You may assume that a spouse, child, other relative, or friend will care for you. Studies show, however, that this solution may place heavy financial, physical and emotional demands on caregivers. These solutions may also require you to give up a measure of independence and control. For most of us, that’s an unwelcome prospect. We want to receive quality care, but on our own terms.

Other public and private programs, such as Medicare and healthcare coverage generally offered by employers, were never meant to pay for long-term care. So the question for us is how we will pay for the long-term care services we may need.

Discover the Answer
Consider the AACN Long-Term Care Insurance Plan. If you meet the eligibility requirements, the plan provides benefits for covered services, including help with meal preparation, nursing care and therapy. You can receive care in a variety of locations—in your own home, in a nursing home or in other types of care facilities that may be covered. In addition, John Hancock patient advocates will help you through the process of qualifying for benefits, as well as finding suitable care for your situation. People who value peace of mind are increasingly turning
to long-term care insurance. This coverage helps insulate families against the impact of long-term care costs. It may be considered as part of your financial planning portfolio.

Long-term care insurance is a relatively new coverage, but it’s growing rapidly. Those who don’t know about it often overestimate its costs. For example, a visit from a home healthcare aide can cost an average of $78 per visit (NAIC 1997). Because of the flexibility built into this insurance, you can elect coverage that fits your budget. Also, once you are enrolled, your rates will not increase because you age or use your benefits. Rates can increase only if they increase for the class or group of which you are a part. The younger you are, the lower your monthly premiums will be.

Get More Information
If you are interested in more detailed information about the insurance plan provisions and exclusions, you may request an enrollment kit by calling the John Hancock Customer Service Center toll-free at (800) 708-0706.

1. GAO Reports. 1995.
2. LAN—Life Association News. 1993.


Renal Replacement Therapy
The second annual International Conference on Pediatric Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy (PCRRT) will be June 20 through 22, 2002, in Orlando, Fla. Abstracts are due April 3, 2001. For more information, contact Carol Malone at (256) 232-2865; fax, (256) 233-6212; e-mail, cmalone@acninc.net, or visit the Children’s Hospital’s Web site at www.chsys.org and open specialties/nephrology.

AASCIN Invites Grant Proposals
The Research Program of the American Association of Spinal Cord Injury Nurses is accepting proposals for Research and Model Demonstration Projects for the year 2002 funding cycle. The deadline for submission is Dec. 1, 2001. For an application or further information, contact the American Association of Spinal Cord Injury Nurses, 75-20 Astoria Blvd., Jackson Heights, N.Y. 11370; phone, (718) 803-3782, ext. 324; fax, (718) 803-0414.

Critical Care and Medical Surgical Nursing
Ohio State University Medical Center will present “Quest for Excellence: Critical Care and Medical Surgical Nursing” Sept. 24 through 26, 2001, in Columbus, Ohio. Additional information is available online at http://www.osumedcenter.edu/cpd.

Trauma Conference
The sixth annual New England Regional Trauma Conference will be Nov. 8 and 9,l 2001, in Burlington, Mass. The conference is presented by New England Level I trauma centers. For more information, contact Lori Camp at (508) 856/1671 or (802) 847-4712.

Information printed in “Currents” is provided as a service to interested readers and does not imply endorsement by AACN or AACN Certification Corporation.

World Congress Features Prominent Nursing Speakers

More than 20 continuing education contact hours can be earned at the 8th World Congress of Intensive and Critical Care Medicine, Oct. 28 through Nov. 1, 2001, in Sydney, Australia.

Each day begins with a plenary session featuring well-known speakers from the United States, including Dorrie Fontaine, RN, DNSc, FAAN, a member of the AACN and the AACN Certification Corporation Boards of Directors; Kathleen Dracup, RN, DNSc, FAAN, editor of the American Journal of Critical Care; and Pat Moloney-Harmon, RN, MS, CCNS, CCRN, a past chair of the AACN Certification Corporation Board of Directors. The remainder of each day will be filled with concurrent sessions, with invited speakers and free papers from all over the world. There will also be poster sessions and breakfast workshops. Other speakers from the U.S. include AACN members Michael Ackerman, RN, DNS, CS, FCCM, Kathleen Vollman, RN, MSN, CCNS, CCRN, Marianne Chulay, RN, DNSc, FAAN, a past president of the AACN Board of Directors; Martha Curley, RN, PhD, CCNS, FAAN, a past chair of the AACN Certification Corporation Board of Directors; and Debra Moser, RN, DNSc.

Social functions are also planned, including the opening ceremony and welcome reception. Featured will be performances by some of Australia’s most innovative and exciting artists. The welcome reception is scheduled in the Exhibition Hall, where participants can mingle while previewing the exhibition.

For more information on the World Congress, the scientific program, the social program and associated tour or to register online, visit the Congress Web site at http://www.iccm.aust.com/, or contact the Congress Secretariat at 8th World Congress of Intensive and Critical Care Medicine, C/- ICMS Australasia, GPO Box 2609, Sydney NSW 2001; phone, +61 2 9241 1478; fax, +61 2 9251 3552; e-mail, iccm@icmsaust.com.au. To request a conference brochure, call (800) 899-2226. Request Item #001700.

Looking Ahead

October 2001

Oct. 1 Deadline to submit proposals for AACN Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Grant. To obtain an application, call (800) 899-2226 and request Item #1013, or visit the “Clinical Practice” area of the AACN Web site at http://www.aacn.org.

Oct. 1 Deadline to submit proposals for AACN Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Grant. To obtain an application, call (800) 899-2226 and request Item #1013, or visit the “Clinical Practice” area of the AACN Web site at http://www.aacn.org.

Oct. 1 Deadline to submit proposals for AACN Clinical Practice Grant.. To obtain an application, call (800) 899-2226 and request Item #1013, or visit the “Clinical Practice” area of the AACN Web site at http://www.aacn.org.

Oct. 1 Deadline to submit proposals for AACN-Sigma Theta Tau Critical Care Grant.. To obtain an application, call (800) 899-2226 and request Item #1013, or visit the “Clinical Practice” area of the AACN Web site at http://www.aacn.org.

January 2002

Jan. 15 Deadline to submit proposals for AACN Clinical Inquiry Grant. To obtain an application, call (800) 899-2226 and request Item #1013, or visit the “Clinical Practice” area of the AACN Web site at http://www.aacn.org.

February 2002

Feb. 1 Deadline to submit proposals for AACN Datex-Ohmeda Grant. To obtain an application, call (800) 899-2226 and request Item #1013, or visit the “Clinical Practice” area of the AACN Web site at http://www.aacn.org.

Feb. 1 Deadline to submit proposals for AACN Certification Corporation Research Grant. To obtain an application, call (800) 899-2226 and request Item #1013, or visit the “Clinical
Practice” area of the AACN Web site at

Feb. 1 Deadline to submit proposals for AACN Critical Care Grant. To obtain an application, call (800) 899-2226 and request Item #1013, or visit the “Clinical Practice” area of the AACN Web site at http://www.aacn.org.

Feb. 1 Deadline to submit proposals for AACN Mentorship Grant. To obtain an application, call (800) 899-2226 and request Item #1013, or visit the “Clinical Practice” area of the AACN Web site at http://www.aacn.org.
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