Withholding/Withdrawing Life Support
Comprehensive Bibliography and Resource Page
for Critical Care End-of-Life Issues
: Withholding/Withdrawing Life Support
Abe N, Catlin A, Mihara D. End of life
in the NICU. A study of ventilator withdrawal.
MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs 2001; 26:141-6.
Asch DA, Faber-Langendoen K, Shea JA, Christakis NA. The
sequence of withdrawing life-sustaining treatment from patients.
Am J Med 1999; 107:153-6.
Balfour-Lynn IM, Tasker RC. At the coalface--medical ethics
in practice. Futility and death in paediatric medical intensive care.
J Med Ethics 1996;
Blackhall LJ, Frank G, Murphy ST, Michel V, Palmer JM, Azen
SP. Ethnicity and attitudes towards life sustaining technology.
Soc Sci Med 1999; 48:1779-89.
Borum ML, Lynn J, Zhong Z. The effects of patient race on
outcomes in seriously ill patients in SUPPORT: an overview of economic impact, medical
intervention, and end- of-life decisions. Study to Understand Prognoses and Preferences
for Outcomes and Risks of Treatments. J Am Geriatr
Soc 2000; 48:S194-8.
Burns JP, Mitchell C, Outwater KM, et al. End-of-life care
in the pediatric intensive care unit after the forgoing of life-sustaining treatment.
Crit Care Med
Campbell ML, Bizek KS, Thill M. Patient responses during
rapid terminal weaning from mechanical ventilation: a prospective study.
Crit Care Med
Caniano DA, Hazebroek FW, DenBesten KE, Tibboel D. End-of-life
decisions for surgical neonates: experience in The Netherlands and United States.
J Pediatr Surg
Casarett D, Siegler M. Unilateral do-not-attempt-resuscitation
orders and ethics consultation: a case series.
Crit Care Med 1999; 27:1116-20.
Cook DJ, Giacomini M, Johnson N, Willms D. Life support
in the intensive care unit: a qualitative investigation of technological purposes.
Canadian Critical Care Trials Group. Cmaj 1999; 161:1109-13.
Cook DJ, Guyatt GH, Jaeschke R, et al. Determinants in Canadian
health care workers of the decision to withdraw life support from the critically
ill. Canadian Critical Care Trials Group. Jama 1995; 273:703-8.
de Leeuw R, de Beaufort AJ, de Kleine MJ, van Harrewijn
K, Kollee LA. Foregoing intensive care treatment in newborn infants with extremely
poor prognoses. A study in four neonatal intensive care units in The Netherlands.
Eidelman LA, Jakobson DJ, Pizov R, Geber D, Leibovitz L,
Sprung CL. Foregoing life-sustaining treatment in an Israeli ICU.
Intensive Care Med 1998;
Esteban A, Gordo F, Solsona JF, et al. Withdrawing and withholding
life support in the intensive care unit: a Spanish prospective multi-centre observational
study. Intensive Care Med
Faber-Langendoen K, Bartels DM. Process of forgoing life-sustaining
treatment in a university hospital: an empirical study.
Crit Care Med 1992; 20:570-7.
Ferrand E, Robert R, Ingrand P, Lemaire F. Withholding and
withdrawal of life support in intensive-care units in France: a prospective survey.
French LATAREA Group. Lancet
Fins JJ, Miller FG, Acres CA, Bacchetta MD, Huzzard LL,
Rapkin BD. End-of-life decision-making in the hospital: current practice and future
prospects. J Pain Symptom Manage
Grenvik A, Powner DJ, Snyder JV, Jastremski MS, Babcock
RA, Loughhead MG. Cessation of therapy in terminal illness and brain death.
Crit Care Med
Hall RI, Rocker GM. End-of-life care in the ICU: treatments
provided when life support was or was not withdrawn.
Chest 2000; 118:1424-30.
Keenan SP, Busche KD, Chen LM, Esmail R, Inman KJ, Sibbald
WJ. Withdrawal and withholding of life support in the intensive care unit: a comparison
of teaching and community hospitals. The Southwestern Ontario Critical Care Research
Network. Crit Care Med
Keenan SP, Busche KD, Chen LM, McCarthy L, Inman KJ, Sibbald
WJ. A retrospective review of a large cohort of patients undergoing the process
of withholding or withdrawal of life support.
Crit Care Med 1997; 25:1324-31.
Koch KA, Rodeffer HD, Wears RL. Changing patterns of terminal
care management in an intensive care unit. Crit
Care Med 1994; 22:233-43.
Lee DK, Swinburne AJ, Fedullo AJ, Wahl GW. Withdrawing care.
Experience in a medical intensive care unit. Jama
Manara AR, Pittman JA, Braddon FE. Reasons for withdrawing
treatment in patients receiving intensive care.
Anaesthesia 1998; 53:523-8.
Martinot A, Grandbastien B, Leteurtre S, Duhamel A, Leclerc
F. No resuscitation orders and withdrawal of therapy in French paediatric intensive
care units. Groupe Francophone de Reanimation et d'Urgences Pediatriques.
Mayer SA, Kossoff SB. Withdrawal of life support in the
neurological intensive care unit. Neurology
McLean RF, Tarshis J, Mazer CD, Szalai JP. Death in two
Canadian intensive care units: institutional difference and changes over time.
Crit Care Med
Melltorp G, Nilstun T. Decisions to forego life-sustaining
treatment and the duty of documentation. Intensive
Care Med 1996; 22:1015-9.
O'Callahan JG, Fink C, Pitts LH, Luce JM. Withholding and
withdrawing of life support from patients with severe head injury.
Crit Care Med 1995; 23:1567-75.
Partridge JC, Wall SN. Analgesia for dying infants whose
life support is withdrawn or withheld. Pediatrics
Pochard F, Azoulay E, Chevret S, et al. French intensivists
do not apply American recommendations regarding decisions to forgo life-sustaining
therapy. Crit Care Med
Prendergast TJ, Claessens MT, Luce JM. A national survey
of end-of-life care for critically ill patients. Am J Respir
Crit Care Med 1998; 158:1163-7.
Prendergast TJ, Luce JM. Increasing incidence of withholding
and withdrawal of life support from the critically ill. Am J Respir
Crit Care Med 1997; 155:15-20.
Seymour JE. Negotiating natural death in intensive care.
Soc Sci Med
Slomka J. The negotiation of death: clinical decision making
at the end of life. Soc Sci Med
Smedira NG, Evans BH, Grais LS, et al. Withholding and withdrawal
of life support from the critically ill. N Engl
J Med 1990; 322:309-15.
van der Wal ME, Renfurm LN, van Vught AJ, Gemke RJ. Circumstances
of dying in hospitalized children. Eur J Pediatr
Wall SN, Partridge JC. Death in the intensive care nursery:
physician practice of withdrawing and withholding life support.
Pediatrics 1997; 99:64-70.
Wilson WC, Smedira NG, Fink C, McDowell JA, Luce JM. Ordering
and administration of sedatives and analgesics during the withholding and withdrawal
of life support from critically ill patients.
Jama 1992; 267:949-53.
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Promoting Excellence in End-of-Life Care
was a national program of the
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
dedicated to long-term changes in health care institutions to substantially
improve care for dying people and their families.