National Smallpox Vaccination Program

On December 13, 2002, in response to growing concern that a terrorist or hostile regime might have access to the smallpox virus and attempt to use it against the American people, the President announced the formation of the National Smallpox Vaccination Program. The program has two components—one responsible for vaccinating civilians and another responsible for vaccinating military personnel. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is responsible for implementing the civilian component of the National Smallpox Vaccination Program. The Department of Defense (DOD) is responsible for implementing the military component of the program.

Review of the Implementation of the Civilian Program

This report examines the implementation and the challenges of the program. GAO reviewed program materials and data and interviewed CDC officials and representatives of organizations involved.
GAO Smallpox 4.03.pdf

Review of the Implementation of the Military Program

This report describes how DOD implemented its smallpox vaccination program and the steps DOD took to facilitate the implementation of the program as well as reports of adverse results.
GAO Smallpox 12.03.pdf