Head-of-Bed Elevation in Critically Ill Patients: A Review
Learning ObjectivesAt the completion of this program, you will be able to:
- Critique studies relevant to HOB elevation for pressure ulcer prevention
- Discuss guidelines for head-of-bed (HOB) elevation to prevent aspiration and pressure ulcers
- Distinguish relevant studies recommending HOB elevation to prevent aspiration and aspiration-related conditions
Continuing Education Information
Total Contact Hours:
Clinicians are confused by conflicting guidelines about the use of head-of-bed elevation to prevent aspiration and pressure ulcers in critically ill patients. Research-based information in support of guidelines for head-of-bed elevation to prevent either condition is limited. However, positioning of the head of the bed has been studied more extensively for the prevention of aspiration than for the prevention of pressure ulcers, especially in critically ill patients. More research on pressure ulcers has been conducted in healthy persons or residents of nursing homes than in critically ill patients.
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