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Aortic Stenosis: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, and Medical Management of Nonsurgical Patients

Author(s): Theresa Cary, RN, MSN, ACNS-BC, CCRN, Judith Pearce, RN, BSN, CCRN

Contact Hours: 1.00

CERP A: 1.00

Pharmacology Hours: 1.00

Expires Apr 01, 2017

Topics: Cardiovascular, Pharmacology

Population: Adult

Role: APRN, Staff

Member: Free
NonMember: $10.00

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Activity Summary

As the average lifespan continues to increase, nurses are managing more patients with aortic stenosis. When an asymptomatic patient begins to manifest signs and symptoms due to progressive narrowing and stiffening of the aortic valve, the only effective therapy is surgical replacement of the valve. But, some patients cannot undergo or do not opt for surgery. Nurses are challenged by the tenuous balance between the narrow range of preload and afterload to maintain forward blood flow and adequate cardiac output in patients with severe aortic stenosis. Understanding the complex normal anatomy and physiology of the aortic valve can help nurses appreciate the consequences of this type of stenosis. Nursing care for patients with aortic stenosis requires advanced skills in patient assessment and an appreciation of the hemodynamic responses to activities of daily living and to nursing interventions such as administration of medications.


  • Describe the pathophysiology of aortic stenosis
  • Identify clinical manifestations of aortic stenosis
  • Discuss medical and nursing management of nonsurgical patients with aortic stenosis

Continuing Education Disclosure Statement

Successful Completion

Learners must attend/view/read the entire activity and complete the associated evaluation to be awarded the contact hours or CERP. No partial credit will be awarded.


This activity has been reviewed by the Nurse Planner. It has been determined that the material presented here shows no bias. Approval of a continuing education activity does not imply endorsement by AACN or ANCC of any commercial products displayed or discussed in conjunction with the activity.


The American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN) is accredited as a provider of continuing nursing education by the American Nurses Credentialing Center’s (ANCC's) Commission on Accreditation. ANCC Provider Number 0012 (60 min contact hour). AACN has been approved as a provider of continuing education in nursing by the California State Board of Nursing California Provider number CEP01036 contact hours (50 min contact hour).

AACN programming meets the standards for most states that require mandatory continuing education contact hours for license and/or certification renewal. AACN recommends consulting with your state board of nursing or credentialing organization before submitting CE to fulfill continuing education requirements.