Care of the Patient with Cardiovascular Disorders:
Lesson I: Anatomy, Physiology and Assessment
Section A: Cardiovascular Anatomy and Physiology
Section B: Cardiovascular Assessment
Section C: Diagnostic Procedures for the Cardiovascular System
Lesson II: Cardiovascular Monitoring
Section A: Basic Dysrhythmia Interpretation
Section B: Hemodynamics
Lesson III: Cardiovascular Diseases
Section A: Acute Coronary Syndrome / MI
Section B: Heart Failure and Pulmonary Edema
Section C: Cardiomyopathy
Section D: Valvular Disease
Lesson IV: Invasive Procedures
Section A: Coronary Arteriography, Cardiac Catheterization, and Percutaneous Coronary
Section B: Pacemakers
Section C: Cardiac Surgery (CABG)
At the completion of this module, you will be able to:
- Describe the structures and functions of the components of the cardiac system.
- Discuss the physiological principles of circulation and the neurohormonal control
- Compare and contrast the low versus high pressured chambers of the heart.
- Describe the tracts of the electrical conduction of the heart.
- Compare and contrast the arterial and venous systems.
- Describe how stroke volume is determined.
- Compare and contrast preload and afterload and how they affect cardiac output.
- Describe the neurohormonal controls of the cardiovascular system.
- Name the 4 "P's" of arterial occlusion.
- Describe the proper technique for assessing orthostatic blood pressures and pulses
and discuss the implications.
- Describe the different tests for assessing the cardiovascular system and their implications.
- Define the cardiac cell characteristics including automaticity, excitability, conductivity
- Compare and contrast the phases of the action potentials of cardiac tissue.
- Describe the proper electrode placement for the different leads for cardiac monitoring.
- Define the ECG waveforms and describe the normal values for the P wave, QRS complex,
and the ST segment of the ECG complex.
- Describe the proper level of the transducer for hemodynamic monitoring.
- State the importance of the fast flush square-wave test when performing hemodynamic
- Describe an Allen's test and state how and why an Allen's test is performed.
- Label the components of the arterial waveform and describe the significance of each
- Define how the blood pressure is produced and what affects blood pressure.
- Compare and contrast the pertinent pathophysiology of angina and myocardial infarction.
- Identify risk factors associated with atherosclerotic coronary artery disease.
- Describe the subjective and objective finding as well as the management of angina
and myocardial infarction.
- Identify and discuss the relationship between the pathophysiology, clinical manifestations
and collaborative management of patients with heart failure and with pulmonary edema.
- Compare and contrast dilated, hypertrophic and restrictive cardiomyopathy including
the pathophysiology, hemodynamics and treatment.
- Compare and contrast the different types of valvular disease, their causes and their
- Describe how to manipulate preload and afterload to improve cardiac output.
- Describe the indications for a cardiac catheterization and the potential complications
associated with a cardiac catheterization.
- State the indications for stent placement.
- Discuss the type and components of temporary and permanent pacemakers.
- Define the indications for temporary and permanent pacemakers, potential problems
and treatment of problems related to pacing.
- Discuss the different types of cardiac surgery and their indications.
Sample Modular Slides