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Management of Acute Hyperglycemic Emergencies: Focus on Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Author(s): Basirat Sanuth, PharmD, BCPS, Andrea Bidlencik, PharmD, Andrew Volk, PharmD

Contact Hours: 1.00

CERP A: 1.00

Pharmacology Hours: 1.00

Expires Jul 01, 2017

Topics: Pharmacology, Endocrine

Population: Lifespan

Role: APRN

Member: Free
NonMember: $10.00

Added to Collection

Activity Summary

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic disease diagnosed in 20.9 million Americans; in addition, many people have undiagnosed DM. In 2011, the incidence of new diagnoses of DM was approximately 1.7 million and has increased every year since 1995. A severe acute metabolic complication of DM is diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), which is listed as the primary diagnosis in approximately 7 patients with DM per 1000 hospital discharges and is associated with an average hospital length of stay of 3.4 days. Diabetic emergencies are twice as common in females. The annual expenditure for patients with DKA has been estimated at $2.4 billion.


  • Identify signs and symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and hyperglycemic hyperosmolar syndrome (HHS).
  • Identify treatment measures for DKA and HHS.
  • Review key points of patient education to help decrease hospital readmissions.

Continuing Education Disclosure Statement

Successful Completion

Learners must attend/view/read the entire activity and complete the associated evaluation to be awarded the contact hours or CERP. No partial credit will be awarded.


This activity has been reviewed by the Nurse Planner. It has been determined that the material presented here shows no bias. Approval of a continuing education activity does not imply endorsement by AACN or ANCC of any commercial products displayed or discussed in conjunction with the activity.


The American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN) is accredited as a provider of continuing nursing education by the American Nurses Credentialing Center’s (ANCC's) Commission on Accreditation. ANCC Provider Number 0012 (60 min contact hour). AACN has been approved as a provider of continuing education in nursing by the California State Board of Nursing California Provider number CEP01036 contact hours (50 min contact hour).

AACN programming meets the standards for most states that require mandatory continuing education contact hours for license and/or certification renewal. AACN recommends consulting with your state board of nursing or credentialing organization before submitting CE to fulfill continuing education requirements.