Antimicrobial Resistance Thinking Outside the Box

Author(s): Nancy Munro , RN, MN, CCRN, ACNP-BC

Contact Hours 1.00

CERP A 1.00

Pharmacology Hours 1.00

Expires Jul 01, 2019

Topics: Infectious Disease, Pharmacology

Population: Lifespan

Role: APRN, Staff

Member: Free
NonMember: $10.00

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Activity Summary

The health care system is challenged by another serious issue: antimicrobial resistance. Clostridium difficile is the most common infection in health care institutions and is becoming resistant to standard treatment. Carbapenem-resistant enterobacteriaceae can be found in almost every state in the United States. Confounding the antimicrobial resistance issue is the fact that few new antimicrobials are being developed by pharmaceutical companies. The situation is so critical that the White House issued a strategic plan in September 2014 to deal with antimicrobial resistance. One challenge in that plan is to better understand how microbes have become resistant. Microbes have developed defense mechanisms such as bacteriophages and bacteriocins to survive for thousands of years.


  • Describe the importance of antibiotic stewardship.
  • Identify the mechanisms of bacterial resistance.
  • Explain the mechanisms of how bacteria have survived for millions of years.

Continuing Education Disclosure Statement

Successful Completion

Learners must attend/view/read the entire activity and complete the associated evaluation to be awarded the contact hours or CERP. No partial credit will be awarded.


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