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Contrast-Induced Nephropathy: Pathophysiology and Preventive Strategies

Author(s): Ann L. Jorgensen, MS, APN-BC, PCCN

Contact Hours: 1.00

CERP A: 1.00

Expires Feb 01, 2017

Topics: MedicationManagement, Renal

Population: Adult

Role: Staff

Member: Free
NonMember: $10.00

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Activity Summary

Contrast-induced nephropathy is the third most common cause of hospital acquired renal failure, after decreased renal perfusion and nephrotoxic medications. Identification of patients at risk and implementation of preventive strategies can decrease the incidence of this nephropathy. Prevention strategies focus on counteracting vasoconstriction, enhancing blood flow through the nephron, and providing protection against injury by oxygen free radicals. Knowledge of the adverse effects associated with infusion of contrast media, identification of patients at risk for contrast-induced nephropathy, and application of evidence-based prevention strategies allow nurses to assist in the prevention of contrast-induced nephropathy.


  • Define contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN)
  • Identify associated risk factors for CIN
  • Describe the causes of acute renal failure
  • Identify strategies to prevent CIN

Continuing Education Disclosure Statement

Successful Completion

Learners must attend/view/read the entire activity and complete the associated evaluation to be awarded the contact hours or CERP. No partial credit will be awarded.


This activity has been reviewed by the Nurse Planner. It has been determined that the material presented here shows no bias. Approval of a continuing education activity does not imply endorsement by AACN or ANCC of any commercial products displayed or discussed in conjunction with the activity.


The American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN) is accredited as a provider of continuing nursing education by the American Nurses Credentialing Center’s (ANCC's) Commission on Accreditation. ANCC Provider Number 0012 (60 min contact hour). AACN has been approved as a provider of continuing education in nursing by the California State Board of Nursing California Provider number CEP01036 contact hours (50 min contact hour).

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