Preventing Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia in Children: An Evidence-Based Protocol

Author(s): Virginia Bonsal Cooper, RN, MS; Catherine Haut, DNP, CPNP/AC, CCRN

Contact Hours 1.00

CERP A 1.00

Expires Jun 01, 2017

Topics: PulmonaryPatientSafety

Population: Pediatric

Role: Staff

Member: Free
NonMember: $10.00

Added to Collection

Activity Summary

Ventilator-associated pneumonia, the second most common hospital-acquired infection in pediatric intensive care units, is linked to increased mortality, morbidity, and lengths of stay in the hospital and intensive care unit, adding tremendously to health care costs. Prevention is the most appropriate intervention, but little research has been done in children to identify necessary skills and strategies for prevention. Using a case study approach, this article highlights etiology, risk factors, and available guidelines for the prevention of VAP in the PICU. Evidence, including adult based protocols, Center for Disease Control recommendations, and current research are presented in relation to use in pediatric practice.


  • Describe pediatric risk factors for ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP)
  • Identify strategies to prevent pediatric VAP
  • Discuss current evidence in the prevention of VAP in children

Continuing Education Disclosure Statement

Successful Completion

Learners must attend/view/read the entire activity and complete the associated evaluation to be awarded the contact hours or CERP. No partial credit will be awarded.


This activity has been reviewed by the Nurse Planner. It has been determined that the material presented here shows no bias. Approval of a continuing education activity does not imply endorsement by AACN or ANCC of any commercial products displayed or discussed in conjunction with the activity.


The American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN) is accredited with distinction as a provider of continuing nursing education by the American Nurses Credentialing Center’s (ANCC's) Commission on Accreditation, ANCC Provider Number 0012 (60 min contact hour). AACN has been approved as a provider of continuing education in nursing by the California State Board of Nursing, California Provider number CEP01036 contact hours (50 min contact hour).

AACN programming meets the standards for most states that require mandatory continuing education contact hours for license and/or certification renewal. AACN recommends consulting with your state board of nursing or credentialing organization before submitting CE to fulfill continuing education requirements.