Tissue Oxygenation Monitoring as a Guide for Trauma Resuscitation

Author(s): Cathy Mitchell, RN, DNP, FNP-BC, CNOR

Contact Hours 1.00

CERP A 1.00

Expires Jun 01, 2019

Topics: Cardiovascular, Trauma

Population: Adult

Role: Staff

Member: Free
NonMember: $10.00

Added to Collection

Activity Summary

Hypoperfusion is the most common event preceding the onset of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome during trauma resuscitation. Detecting subtle changes in perfusion is crucial to ensure adequate tissue oxygenation and perfusion. Traditional methods of detecting physiological changes include measurements of blood pressure, heart rate, urine output, serum levels of lactate, mixed venous oxygen saturation, and central venous oxygen saturation. Continuous noninvasive monitoring of tissue oxygen saturation in muscle has the potential to indicate severity of shock, detect occult hypoperfusion, guide resuscitation, and be predictive of the need for interventions to prevent multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. Tissue oxygen saturation is being used in emergency departments, trauma rooms, operating rooms, and emergency medical services. Tissue oxygen saturation technology is just as effective as mixed venous oxygen saturation, central venous oxygen saturation, serum lactate, and Stewart approach with strong ion gap, yet tissue oxygen saturation assessment is also a direct, noninvasive microcirculatory measurement of oxygen saturation.


  • Compare mixed venous oxygen saturation, central venous oxygen saturation, serum lactate, Stewart approach with strong ion gap, and near-infrared spectroscopy.
  • Identify different venues where StO2 technology is currently being utilized and its advantages.
  • State one limitation of StO2 technology.

Continuing Education Disclosure Statement

Successful Completion

Learners must attend/view/read the entire activity and complete the associated evaluation to be awarded the contact hours or CERP. No partial credit will be awarded.


This activity has been reviewed by the Nurse Planner. It has been determined that the material presented here shows no bias. Approval of a continuing education activity does not imply endorsement by AACN or ANCC of any commercial products displayed or discussed in conjunction with the activity.


The American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN) is accredited as a provider of continuing nursing education by the American Nurses Credentialing Center’s (ANCC's) Commission on Accreditation, ANCC Provider Number 0012 (60 min contact hour). AACN has been approved as a provider of continuing education in nursing by the California State Board of Nursing, California Provider number CEP01036 for 1.2 contact hours (50 min contact hour).

AACN programming meets the standards for most states that require mandatory continuing education contact hours for license and/or certification renewal. AACN recommends consulting with your state board of nursing or credentialing organization before submitting CE to fulfill continuing education requirements.