Bedside Clinician’s Guide to Right Heart Catheter Monitoring Modalities

Author(s): W. Everett Fox, MD, Michael Marshall, RN, Susan M. Walters, MD, Venkat R. Mangunta, MD, Michael Ragosta, MD Amanda M. Kleiman, MD, John S. McNeil, MD

Contact Hours 1.00

CERP A 1.00

Expires Aug 01, 2026

Topics: Cardiovascular, Monitoring

Population: Adult

Role: Staff

Member: Free
NonMember: $10.00

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Activity Summary

Required reading for all learners: Implicit Bias impacts patient outcomes

Critical care nurses are often asked to assist medical intensivists, surgical intensivists, and cardiologists in the placement of PACs. Despite being relatively routine, these procedures are not without risks and contraindications. Additionally, placement may prove difficult and require advanced guidance techniques. The aim of this article is to provide bedside clinicians with guidance for techniques to insert right heart monitors and devices, describe risk factors for difficult insertion and contraindications to placement, and provide updates on new technologies that may be encountered in the intensive care unit.


  • Describe best practice for insertion and maintenance of pulmonary artery catheters.
  • Identify risk factors for difficult pulmonary artery catheter insertion.
  • Learn about new right-heart technological advances and devices.

Continuing Education Disclosure Statement

Successful Completion

Learners must attend/view/read the entire activity, read Implicit Bias impacts patient outcomes, and complete the associated evaluation to be awarded the contact hours or CERP. No partial credit will be awarded.


The American Association of Critical-Care Nurses is accredited as a provider of nursing continuing professional development by the American Nurses Credentialing Center's Commission on Accreditation.

Provider approved by the California Board of Registered Nursing, Provider number CEP 1036, for 1.00 contact hours.

Accreditation refers to recognition of continuing education only and does not imply AACN, ANCC, or CBRN approval or endorsement of any commercial products discussed or displayed in conjunction with this educational activity.


Any relevant relationship between an ineligible company and an individual with the ability to influence clinical content will be identified by the Nurse Planner within the activity. Any relevant relationship between an ineligible company and an individual with the ability to influence clinical content has been mitigated.

AACN programming meets the standards for most states that require mandatory continuing education contact hours for license and/or certification renewal. AACN recommends consulting with your state board of nursing or credentialing organization before submitting CE to fulfill continuing education requirements.

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Continuing Education Activities are nonrefundable.