Protocolization of Analgesia and Sedation Through Smart Technology in Intensive Care: Improving Patient Safety

Author(s): Isabel Muñoz Ojeda, Marina Sánchez-Cuervo, PharmD, Ángel Candela-Toha, MD, Dolores R. Serrano-López, PharmD Teresa Bermejo-Vicedo, PharmD, Juan Miguel Alcaide-López-de-Lerma

Contact Hours 1.00

CERP B 1.00

Expires Aug 01, 2026

Topics: Patient Safety, Technology

Population: Adult

Role: Staff

Member: Free
NonMember: $10.00

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Activity Summary

Required reading for all learners: Implicit Bias impacts patient outcomes

This article depicts a project, which offers a feasible strategy for implementing standard concentrations in analgesia and sedation protocols in critical care. Medication errors are the most frequent errors that occur during health care interventions. Thus, patient outcomes can be improved by identifying high-alert drugs used in the ICU and establishing protocols to standardize dose, concentration, volume, and administration rate.


  • Identify the strategies to reduce the risk of medication errors described in this article.
  • Describe the steps needed to implement smart pump technology.
  • Identify the improvement measures to promote compliance and optimize the use of smart pumps infusion.

Continuing Education Disclosure Statement

Successful Completion

Learners must attend/view/read the entire activity, read Implicit Bias impacts patient outcomes, and complete the associated evaluation to be awarded the contact hours or CERP. No partial credit will be awarded.


The American Association of Critical-Care Nurses is accredited as a provider of nursing continuing professional development by the American Nurses Credentialing Center's Commission on Accreditation.

Provider approved by the California Board of Registered Nursing, Provider number CEP 1036, for 1.00 contact hours.

Accreditation refers to recognition of continuing education only and does not imply AACN, ANCC, or CBRN approval or endorsement of any commercial products discussed or displayed in conjunction with this educational activity.


Any relevant relationship between an ineligible company and an individual with the ability to influence clinical content will be identified by the Nurse Planner within the activity. Any relevant relationship between an ineligible company and an individual with the ability to influence clinical content has been mitigated.

AACN programming meets the standards for most states that require mandatory continuing education contact hours for license and/or certification renewal. AACN recommends consulting with your state board of nursing or credentialing organization before submitting CE to fulfill continuing education requirements.

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Continuing Education Activities are nonrefundable.